Reason

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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dupin's analysis involves the use of ratiocination and includes a cynical rebuttal of the media's attempts to glamourize the murder: "we should bear in mind that, in general, it is the object of our newspapers rather to create a sensation--to make a point--than to further the cause of truth.
Through ratiocination, Holmes reinfuses meaning into everyday experience in a way that is harmonious with modern secularism and reason--or, as Saler explains, "Holmes demonstrated how the modern world could be re-enchanted through means entirely consistent with modernity." Holmes teaches us that we must see and observe.
For Arendt, then, thinking is not merely organised mental activity or ratiocination but the engagement of consciousness in the difficult intersubjectivity of mutual recognition.
A stalemated self caught in the heat of oppressive ratiocination can have only a vision of life devoid of all its fine sensibilities emotional enthusiasm and virgin beauties.
But this much is clear: the Constitution was never intended to be an instrument of deterministic, progressive ratiocination. In thrall to the doctrine of legal realism, Beard denied the legitimacy and authority of the Constitution as fundamental law.
Kraszewski takes issue with Milosz's "excessive reliance on intellect, ratiocination and discourse, all characteristic of gnostic elitism" rather than experiencing the "divine, intuitive, simple trusting and real" Catholic practices (207).
Fourth, the Sufis, who do not seek knowledge by ratiocination or discursive thinking, but by purgation of their inner being and the purifying of their dispositions.
His welcome elucidation of Juan Rulfo's Pedro Paramo deftly balances classical rhetoric and modern popular sensibility: "Juan Preciado's realization (anagnorisis) of his own death, [is] a moment that is figurative and dream-like, an absolutely uncanny reversal (peripeteia) in which the zombie realizes it's a zombie--and the reader feels like a sweater turning itself inside out." The titular essay takes a firm hand with flabby writing, and demonstrates, via lexical ratiocination, the well-tempered musculature of vigorous sentences, while Glover's superb, detailed parsing of Alice Munro's story "Meneseteung" discovers the music and inner life at the heart of powerful fiction.
3 (where he sat) an oral judgement, a judgement "off-the-cuff" where amongst several multi-syllable words he used one with six syllables: "Ratiocination".
Whereas before it had been the chaos of the forest that determined his thinking, man was now in control of his thought, setting himself subjects for ratiocination and arriving at logical conclusions.