rational faculty

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His definition of the Enlightenment provides an emancipatory vision for those who are engulfed in the darkness of dogma and want to illumine their life and society with the light of rational faculty.
Rejecting the heart, and relying solely on the rational faculty led to a highly imbalanced theory of knowledge, which could not provide answers to critical questions that we all face in our human lives.
As Farabi puts it, the acquired intellect can be linked to the active intellect through the faculty of imagination (13) and rational faculty (14) (Farabi, 1966: 9; 1982: 268; 2000: 182-183; 1991 108).
The author first considers challenges to this view posed by Luntley and Rodl, who argue that the learning encounter must presuppose some rational faculty already present in the prelinguistic child.
The intellect is 'rational' only secundum quid, "insofar as it is a requisite for the act of the rational faculty," (62) namely, the will.
We aren't investigating the potentially contentious relationship between self-contained passions or instincts and a self-contained rational faculty (our brains), but rather how our brains transmute our animal instincts and place us in an often untenable situation.
"Like every form of determinism," Rand wrote in The Virtue of Selfishness, "racism invalidates the specific attribute which distinguishes man from all other living species: his rational faculty. Racism negates two aspects of man's life: reason and choice, or mind and morality, replacing them with chemical predestination."
A spirit is the nonphysical part of a person, the part that subsumes his consciousness, his rational faculty, his choices, character, and emotions.
In a proto-Freudian move, Socrates explains that everyone has such desires, since they occasionally emerge in our nightly dreams when our rational faculty is not on guard; only the tyrannical man allows these desires to surface while awake.
And that to embrace faith one has to suspend his rational faculty and concentrate upon heart alone, so that it may absorb the Divine light and become illuminated by it.
The "story of Islamic philosophy" argues Bashier (Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, Israel), is the story of the move from a rationalistic phase through to a recognition of the limits of the rational faculty and openness to mystical illumination, or liminal philosophy.
What makes the soul special is its rational faculty, its capacity to reason.