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In "reaction formation," Krauss notes, "the symptoms are merely inverted versions of the instincts they are supposed to defend against." Just so, the "hardened line" of the "Ingresque" portraits, a line that encases the bodies of Picasso's sitters "with its ever more emphatically thick, uninflected contour, stiff and sinuous at the same time like a stubbornly continuous wire," can be read as pastiche of Picabia's mechanomorphic drawings.
What reaction formation, one wonders, was the motor driving Adorno's Philosophy of Modern Music?