Reason

(redirected from reasoners)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
DeLorean (DEscription LOgic REasoner with vAgueNess) [2] was the first reasoner that supported a fuzzy extension of the DL SROIQ.
Ji et al., "Reasoning with large a-boxes in fuzzy description logics using dl reasoners: an experimental evaluation," in Proceedings of the ESWC Workshop on Advancing Reasoning on the Web Scalability & Commonsense, 2008.
RESTdesc is used to describe the sensors and a novel solution is presented to automatically compose Web APIs that can be applied with existing Semantic Web reasoners (solving the challenge of finding relevant sensor data).
Ford (1995) has proposed that some individuals (verbal reasoners) use set-theoretic principles, whereas others (spatial reasoners) use Euler circles when solving syllogisms.
Experiment 2 represents an attempt to present equivalent, but different, logic table structures to reasoners. Experiment 2 also features more complex problems than those used in Experiment 1.
What distinguishes human beings from other animals is precisely their "need to learn to understand themselves as practical reasoners about goods" (p.
Mercier and Sperber's unique perspective is their claim that the argumentative theory explains a body of psychological research, which is usually taken to show that humans are poor reasoners. In particular, they cite research on confirmation bias that shows that humans tend to reason in a manner that rationalizes and justifies their prior perspectives, prejudices and interests, ignoring and dismissing countervailing evidence, even when it is logically compelling.