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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It should be a proposition such that Carla believes it and if it were true it would be an objective reason to take the pill; but it should not be a proposition that is actually true, lest we go through another round of the reasoning above.
Initial findings indicated that any cognitive training, even without booster sessions, yielded improved scores 2 years later on tests of memory, reasoning, or visual concentration (SN: 11/16/02, p.
Each case reflects the knowledge and reasoning process used by the teacher to solve the problem.
There are close connections from the concept of argumentative knowledge construction with the concepts of "critical thinking", "everyday reasoning", "informal logic" or "pragmatic reasoning" (e.g., Galloti, 1989; Shaw, 1996).
The type of reasoning focused on in this article is deductive reasoning.
We appeal to standards of reason that are irreducible to the modern/anti-modern dialectic between "reason and faith," or "universality and particularity." Our reasoning is at once hermeneutical, scientific (in the classical sense), text-based, and responsive to the historically lived context of all textual interpretation.
A quicker route to the conclusion that instrumental reasoning requires completion by categorical reasons is to recognize that hypothetical imperatives only make consistency or "relative rationality" claims that, by themselves, generate no reasons for acting.
Effective ethical reasoning requires discussing goals and possible methods from more than one point of view.
As Fernandez Santamarfa and Carlos Norena before him acknowledge, Vives is seriously suspicious of speculative reasoning; both because of the severe limits on what it can accomplish, and because if pursued without check it will detract from involvement with the necessities of practical reasoning, to which it is decidedly inferior.
Introducing topics on business ethics in the course of international business is out of an aim of promoting students' ethical reasoning and ethical judgment regarding business issues.
The lawyer finds such an argument and it involves a complicated line of reasoning. The lawyer recognizes that the complicated line of reasoning shows that his client is innocent, but the complicated line of reasoning cannot cause the lawyer to believe that his client is innocent due to the emotional factors surrounding the case.
In its legal reasoning, the Court said it could not accept the defense argument that the assassination was an execution of a shar'i judgment that the government had failed to perform.