It should be a proposition such that Carla believes it and if it were true it would be an objective reason to take the pill; but it should not be a proposition that is actually true, lest we go through another round of the reasoning
Initial findings indicated that any cognitive training, even without booster sessions, yielded improved scores 2 years later on tests of memory, reasoning
, or visual concentration (SN: 11/16/02, p.
Each case reflects the knowledge and reasoning
process used by the teacher to solve the problem.
There are close connections from the concept of argumentative knowledge construction with the concepts of "critical thinking", "everyday reasoning
", "informal logic" or "pragmatic reasoning
" (e.g., Galloti, 1989; Shaw, 1996).
The type of reasoning
focused on in this article is deductive reasoning
We appeal to standards of reason that are irreducible to the modern/anti-modern dialectic between "reason and faith," or "universality and particularity." Our reasoning
is at once hermeneutical, scientific (in the classical sense), text-based, and responsive to the historically lived context of all textual interpretation.
A quicker route to the conclusion that instrumental reasoning
requires completion by categorical reasons is to recognize that hypothetical imperatives only make consistency or "relative rationality" claims that, by themselves, generate no reasons for acting.
Effective ethical reasoning
requires discussing goals and possible methods from more than one point of view.
As Fernandez Santamarfa and Carlos Norena before him acknowledge, Vives is seriously suspicious of speculative reasoning
; both because of the severe limits on what it can accomplish, and because if pursued without check it will detract from involvement with the necessities of practical reasoning
, to which it is decidedly inferior.
Introducing topics on business ethics in the course of international business is out of an aim of promoting students' ethical reasoning
and ethical judgment regarding business issues.
The lawyer finds such an argument and it involves a complicated line of reasoning
. The lawyer recognizes that the complicated line of reasoning
shows that his client is innocent, but the complicated line of reasoning
cannot cause the lawyer to believe that his client is innocent due to the emotional factors surrounding the case.
In its legal reasoning
, the Court said it could not accept the defense argument that the assassination was an execution of a shar'i judgment that the government had failed to perform.