Reason

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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

References in periodicals archive ?
how the propriety of a reasonless decision can possibly be gauged.
It marries Yates's dry, semi-magical entree into the nightmare world of reasonless dissatisfaction with Updike's refamiliarizing of banal suburban scenes as description that exceeds its functional purposes to create a most satisfying coupling.
The sonnet opens out from the physical to the psychic, from the particular situation of the speaker's private anguish to the universal predicament of reasonless human suffering, and from the despondency of the unfortunate to the providential understanding of divine, participatory patience.
Within health care, reasonless variation is the source of many errors.
In a passage nearing mystical intensity (and surely this is an instance of Bayard's more adult consciousness telescoped, reflexively, backward), Bayard suspects that Ringo's longing to see the locomotive symbolized the impulse to move which had already seethed to a head among his people, darker than themselves, reasonless, following and seeking a delusion, a dream, a bright shape which they could not know since there was nothing in their heritage, nothing in the memory even of the old men to tell the others, "This is what we will find" ...
And nowadays, when I read about a gang-rape in Central Park by teenagers from a housing project, or watch a television report of a reasonless killing committed by a black man, and finding myself fearful of my family's safety or my own, I sometimes feel the gorge of rage rising within me incredulously.
The emendation eliminates the second original reading of Arviragus's utterance (the one given above in parentheses) in favour of an eighteenth-century pronouncement that love's thought processes will always be reasonless. In short, these editors heavily import the Age of Reason's ingrained distrust of passion into Shakespeare's line.