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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In their recently published discussion of why humans reason, Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber (2011a) pose a question that on its face appears to be metaphysical in nature and, hence, suitable primarily for unverifiable speculation.
We usually view Islam and secularism as two antagonistic systems of beliefs, one based on an alleged Revelation, the other on the refusal to admit of any such Revelation, one claiming total submission to God's will, the other to reason's dictates.
In order to construct a constitution on principles that all citizens will agree to, one must appeal only to human reason. This is the lesson that is preserved in philosopher John Rawls' Principle of Political Legitimacy (Political Liberalism, 1993), which considers such matters as "who has the right to vote, or what religions are to be tolerated, or who is to be assured equality of opportunity, or to hold property."
Tim Cavanaugh (tcavanaugh@reason.com) is reason's Web editor.
* For traditional relief, the requesting spouse must establish that he or she did not know, and had no reason to know, of the income item.
President Woodrow Wilson--so often characterized in our history books as an "idealist"--lied about the reasons for entering the First World War, saying it was a war to "make the world safe for democracy," when it was really a war to make the world safe for the Western imperial powers.
The first few studies examine vegetarian practices, changes in diet over time, and reasons for dietary changes.
* The general medical system was the most used for mental health reasons and the voluntary network sector was the least used.
Ask if you are giving reasons why in each of these three areas:
The most common reasons for abstinence selected by females who had never had sex were a fear of pregnancy (82% of ninth-grade, 77% of 12th-grade students) or of STDs (75% and 61%, respectively).
DiMarco, he indicated that he consciously attempted to support her reasoning for two reasons. First, he noted that the student had indeed used some reasoning that she could build on and he thus wanted to help explicate the features of her strategy that could help support her (and her likeminded classmates') growth in understanding.
Finally, because treaty wordings generally do not specify how the arbitration panel is to communicate its decision to the parties (or, indeed, the industry), the typical panel today refuses to render a decision explaining its reasoning (a "reasoned decision") unless both sides ask for one.