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Related to recombinant DNA: recombinant DNA technology

DNA

n. scientifically, deoxyribonucleic acid, a chromonal double chain (the famous "double helix") in the nucleus of each living cell the combination of which determines each individual's hereditary characteristics. In law, the importance is the discovery that each person's DNA is different and is found in each living cell, so a hair, blood, skin or any part of the body can be used to identify and distinguish an individual from all other people. DNA testing can result in proof of one's involvement or lack of involvement in a crime scene. While recent DNA tests have proved a convicted killer on death row did not commit a crime and resulted in his release, current debate concerns whether DNA evidence is scientifically certain enough to be admitted in trials. The trend is strongly in favor of admission.

DNA

abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid, a chemical which is found in virtually every cell in the body and which carries genetic information. Except for identical twins, each person's DNA is unique. DNA profiling doesn't allow the examination of every single difference between people's DNA so the concentration will be on those aspects which are most likely to yield a difference. DNA can be extracted from any cells that contain a structure called the nucleus, for example, blood, semen, saliva or hair.

Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from a person's mother. Brothers and sisters have the same mitochondrial DNA type as their mother. This feature of mitochondrial DNA can be used for body identification. The γ-chromosome is present only in men and is largely unchanged as it passes through the male line of a family. The usefulness of the technique in criminal matters is vastly enhanced by the extent to which it is possible to compare a sample with other individuals. To this end there is a National DNA Database maintained by the ASSOCIATION OF CHIEF POLICE OFFICERS and managed by the FORENSIC SCIENCE SERVICE. Techniques vary. There is a UK offence of DNA theft. It is also of assistance in paternity matters.

References in periodicals archive ?
RAC [the NIH's Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee] will not at present entertain proposals for germline alterations but will consider proposals involving somatic cell gene transfer.
In subsequent study, this recombinant DNA can be used to produce CTLA4-Ig recombinant protein.
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology is a relatively recent phenomenon.
For example to get the desired product (biopharmaceuticals), better breeding (recombinant DNA technology), make them more defensive against diseases, and curing genetic diseases by gene therapy.
Recombinant DNA modification offers plant breeders the tools to make old crop plants do spectacular new things.
Rescue of influenza A virus from recombinant DNA. J Virol.
In the United States the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guidelines on Recombinant DNA technology is an example of self-regulation taken by the biotechnology research community over two decades ago.
Tarantino will provide leadership for FDA's food additive safety program and will oversee all aspects of the center's petition review processes for food and color additives, consultation/notification processes for generally recognized as safe (GRAS) substances, food contact substances, and foods and food ingredients derived from recombinant DNA biotechnology.
Tarantino will provide leadership for FDA's food additive safety program and will oversee all aspects of the center's petition review processes for food and color additives, consultation/ notification processes for generally recognized as sale (GRAS) substances, food contact substances, and foods and food ingredients derived from recombinant DNA biotechnology.
Back then, the company had no products, no warehouses, no laboratories--merely a handful of investors willing to bet that the fledgling firm could turn ideas into real drugs using recombinant DNA technology.
* Mapping of the human genome coupled with available recombinant DNA technology

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