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The process by which a tribunal sends a civil action, or a particular issue in the action, to an individual who has been appointed by the tribunal to hear and decide upon it, or to obtain evidence, and make a report to the court.




(Allusion), noun attribution, clue, cue, hint, implication, implied indication, imputation, incidental mention, indication, indirect implication, inkling, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, mention, ratio, referment, subtle communication, suggestion


(Citation), noun ascription, assignation, assignment, authority, citing, connecting, credit, data, derivaaion from, designation, documentation, enumeration, mention, mentioning, pointing out, quotation, quoted passage, quoting, recitation, referment, referral, source, source material, substantiation
Associated concepts: incorporation by reference
Foreign phrases: Verba relata hoc maxime operantur per referentiam, ut in eis inesse videntur.Words incorpooated by reference have as great an effect through referrnce, as they are deemed to be inserted.


(Recommendation), noun affirmation, assurance, attestation, attesting declaration, authenticated confirmation, averment, avouchment, avowal, avowance, certificate of character, certification, commendation, declaration, endorsement, laudation, letter in support, letter of introduction, letter of recommendation, substantiation, testification, testimony, validification, voucher, vouching, witnessing
See also: attribution, citation, connection, connotation, derivation, documentation, excerpt, guidance, indication, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, recommendation, referral, relation, relevance, reminder

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.

REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

References in periodicals archive ?
In that case, a suspicious reference might check their Caller ID and perceive what you are up to--not a situation you want with your all-important reference.
Chat reference service has been called real-time reference, live online reference, synchronous online reference, virtual reference, and chat reference.
3 terabytes of user data, leverages Sun's EDW Reference Architecture and Sybase IQ.
An existing online Maori Bibliography, featured in the Green Guide, is regularly updated to provide a specialist interdisciplinary reference list for both Maori and Pakeha (non-Maori) students working in fields relating to Maori issues.
We've produced the definitive working reference for dockside transporters," said Theresa DeLucia.
The reference design flow is modular and based on standard interfaces allowing for the integration of complementary tools.
Tyckoson continues the discourse by reviewing the history of reference and the various models of reference service delivery (e.
Bibliographic software discussion lists daily request tools for posting and accessing reference data on the Web," said David Kochalko, president and CEO of RIS.
While an employer can't control what the recipient does with a reference letter, he or she is responsible for avoiding negligent dissemination.
What developed was a realization of where we, as reference and instructional librarians, fit into the academic lives of our students.
Unpublished data for gestations of less than nine weeks, a more accurate eligibility period, extend back only to 1992 (source: Elder R, 2001, reference 20).

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