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The process by which a tribunal sends a civil action, or a particular issue in the action, to an individual who has been appointed by the tribunal to hear and decide upon it, or to obtain evidence, and make a report to the court.



West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.

REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A close look at the metonymical constituent and the referent in (5), (9), and (10) shows that they share a common feature.
Thus, through a qualitative research technique, researchers should investigate the in-depth factors that explain why individuals choose a specific referent to evaluate their own PLS.
In Buzan and de Wilde's work, the referent object is defined as consisting of "things that are seen to be existentially threatened and that have a legitimate claim to survival." Taking into account Agency and the ideal type relationship between the securitizing actor and the target audience, the "things" referred to in Buzan and de Wilde's definition would ideally be part of or close to both the entities' system of values and beliefs, being something important for both of them.
Here, [NP.sub.x][I.sub.y] stands for a token y of the instantiations of the natural property ([NP.sub.x]), which is assumed to causally regulate our uses of "good" in the right way and which thus is its alleged referent. This property meets the causal regulation requirement by causing the core uses of "good" in every normal context of use.
Milk intake was ascertained as answering "yes" ("no": referent) to the question, "have you been a regular (five times per week) milk drinker for most or all of your life, including childhood?" Blood lead concentration (micrograms per deciliter), and BMI were used as continuous variables [exception: see Supplemental Material, Table S1, presented as quartiles (lead), or by weight category (BMI)].
The delimitation of the diverse referent contents should ensure that they are all clearly different; each with characteristics which differentiate them from the others.
This is the direct consequence of the fact that proximal demonstratives presuppose that the referent is known to the speaker (this has to do with the experience that the things and persons that are close to the speaker are in fact the ones that are known to him/her).
Total athletic identity, self-referent athletic identity and social referent athletic identity were all significantly associated with associated with amount of exercise, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect.
Once we settle a content (relative to a referent assignment), there is no way of shifting the expression's value unless we shift its referent.
He argued that simulacra are images that do not accurately correspond to a referent. Rather, they either mask the absence of a reality, or they simply do not correspond to anything at all but are taken as truth (Baudrillard, 1994).
To summarize, the LAW, a number of referent ideals, turns out to be the basis for our lower order laws that we experience in every day life: all the way from the parking ticket to the judgments of the Supreme Court.