Reference

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Reference

The process by which a tribunal sends a civil action, or a particular issue in the action, to an individual who has been appointed by the tribunal to hear and decide upon it, or to obtain evidence, and make a report to the court.

Cross-references

Referee.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

REFERENCE, contracts. An agreement to submit to certain arbitrators, matters in dispute between two or more parties, for their decision, and judgment. The persons to whom such matters are referred are sometimes called referees.

REFERENCE, mercantile law. A direction or request by a party who asks a credit to the person from whom he expects it, to call on some other person named in order to ascertain the character or mercantile standing of the former.

REFERENCE, practice. The act of sending any matter by a court of chancery or one exercising equitable powers, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court. By reference is also understood that part of an instrument of writing where it points to another for the matters therein contained. For the effect of such reference, see 1 Pick. R. 27; 17 Mass. R. 443; 15 Pick. R. 66; 7 Halst. R. 25; 14 Wend. R. 619; 10 Conn. R. 422; 4 Greenl. R. 14, 471; 3 Greenl. R. 393; 6 Pick. R. 460; the thing referred to is also called a reference.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The empty frames and blurry images as well as the referentially impossible photographs (Figure 4) reproduced in Martino's text invite readers to engage in the acting of referentiality.
More recently however, Rappaport Hovav and Levin (2008), have argued that whether the dative alternation has a semantic impact or whether it is rather referentially determined depends on the particular verb.
The Indian Oil and Gas Regulations referentially incorporate "all provincial laws ...
Beyond extracting referentially intact subsets of data, when working with heterogeneous databases, you need additional capabilities for managing compatibility and translation differences automatically.
Donnellan calls the two uses of definite descriptions he has in mind the attributive use and the referential use: a speaker who uses a definite description attributively in an assertion states something about whoever or whatever is the so-and-so; a speaker who uses a definite description referentially in an assertion, on the other hand, uses the description to enable his audience to pick out whom or what he is talking about and states something about that person or thing.
Others employ words that referentially evoke previous economic eras, including putting "craft" (suggesting agrarian hands) or "works" (suggesting industrial labor) in their names, as if every offering were handmade by a skilled craftsman in a workshop or small factory.
2) Do adjectival and adverbial clauses also function referentially?
Nominal strategies can be further subdivided into a pronominal strategy, that is, the use of pronouns or referentially dependent nouns as markers of reciprocity and a quantificational one, namely, the use of bi-partite quantifiers as a kind of reciprocal anaphor.
Ferrer i Cancho--Sole (2003) show that Zipf's law is a hallmark of referentially random systems and symbolic reference systems by using mathematical modeling.
Paul Werstine commended Margreta de Grazia for observing that the First Folio is a discursive construction since she "concludes that in constituting Shakespeare's canon, the Folio and its preliminaries are not be read referentially, that is, as delivering 'information [about the contents of Shakespeare's canon] that is understood to have an existence prior to and independent of its documentation [in the Folio]." (11) Reading Steevens's return to the received text in a constructivist way will show him as an editor grasping something of the difficulties of reading any Shakespeare edition referentially.