Reformatories

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Reformatories

State institutions for the confinement of juvenile delinquents.

Any minor under a certain specified age, generally sixteen, who is guilty of having violated the law or has failed to obey the reasonable directive of his or her parent, guardian, or the court is ordinarily treated as a delinquent under state statute. The purpose of reformatories is to impose punishment for crimes committed by Infants while concurrently rehabilitating the offenders through educational and vocational training so that they will become law-abiding citizens.

The powers of a state to establish and maintain reformatories, as well as the authority of its agencies to do so, are ordinarily contained in constitutional or statutory provisions. Such authority is based upon the sovereign power of the state as Parens Patriae to safeguard the welfare of children within its borders by removing them from harmful environments and putting them in institutions where their development will be supervised.

Reformatories—which are also known as houses of refuge, state vocational institutions, reform schools, juvenile correction centers, and industrial or training schools—are generally not considered prisons. In some states, however, they are part of the prison system with adult inmates.

Cross-references

Juvenile Law.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, the number of boys entering the reformatory steadily increased.
Backes, D O., FACOP, FAAP, is a professor of pediatrics at Ohio University and pediatrician for Achieving Baby Care Success at the Ohio Reformatory for Women.
Sister Helena (born Mary O'Brien in Dublin) was appointed matron and she, along with four other sisters ran the reformatory. Sisters Berchmans of the Assumption (born Mary Cox in Dublin, 1848 and St John's second matron), Scholastica of the Nativity (born Ellen Byrne in Wicklow 1848) and Wilfrid of the Scourging (born Mary Hayes in India to Irish parents 1858) are the only 'visible' young nuns documented to be at St Johns for all or part of its life, though at any one time there were five living there.
Commenting on a separate case of a girl which claims to have been sexually harrassed by an educator at a reformatory also reported on Tuesday, social service officials say the facts should first be verified, as the children "can also be manipulative."
"After receiving the documents, Mr Al Sharie sent a memorandum to the Director of the Dammam Reformatory Jail on August 27 requesting approval for the fingerprinting of Mr Lanuza," Binay said.
There was a need for an institution for federal women prisoners, a need for an industrial reformatory for young men serving their first sentences, and employment for the prisoners in the three federal prisons at the time (Federal Reformatories for Women, 1962).
The meeting was attended by department heads at the Directorate General of Punitive Reformatory Establishments and a representative from the International Cooperation Department at the Directorate General of the Undersecretary Diwan at the Ministry of Interior.
The box of manuscripts from Saltley Reformatory School, dated from 1855 to 1857, is the star item at the Book and Ephemera Fair at Edgbaston's Medical Institute on Harborne Road.
Mike Repel owner of Reformatory Records has been managing multiple releases, many of which he has production credits on as mixing and mastering engineer while balancing responsibilities managing the label and developing upcoming marketing campaigns, including one with Atlanta-based Encore Music Group.
"The story concerns an orphan, Thomas, working as a shoe black on the streets who gets framed in a gangland feud and, instead of prison, is sent to a Mersey reformatory ship."
The delegation, headed by HRC Deputy Chairman Zaid Al-Hussain, visited all the cells of the public prison, including the section for women prisoners, and the reformatory.
Although a religious official and head of a Protestant Home Mission (Diakonie) reformatory in Hanover, Wolff was also chairman of the Advisory Board to the State Board of Governors (for Youth Welfare) of Lower Saxony and of the General Council for Correctional Education, a body that represented the interests of both religious and state-run reformatories, in which capacity he played a central role advising the government on the reform of youth welfare law.