Care

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Care

Watchful attention; custody; diligence; concern; caution; as opposed to Negligence or carelessness.

In the law of negligence, the standard of reasonable conduct determines the amount of care to be exercised in a situation. The care taken must be proportional to the apparent risk. As danger increases, commensurate caution must be observed.

Slight care is the care persons of ordinary prudence generally exercise in regard to their personal affairs of minimal importance.

Reasonable care, also known as ordinary care, is the degree of care, diligence, or precaution that may fairly, ordinarily, and properly be expected or required in consideration of the nature of the action, the subject matter, and the surrounding circumstances.

Great care is the degree of care that persons of ordinary prudence usually exercise with respect to their personal affairs of great importance.

Another type of care is that which a fiduciary—a person having a duty, created by his or her undertaking, to act primarily for another's benefit—exercises in regard to valuable possessions entrusted to him or her by another.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

care

n. in law, to be attentive, prudent and vigilant. Essentially, care (and careful) means that a person does everything he/she is supposed to do (to prevent an accident). It is the opposite of negligence (and negligent), which makes the responsible person liable for damages to persons injured. If a person "exercises care," a court cannot find him/her responsible for damages from an accident in which he/she is involved. (See: careless)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other concerns such as the language of the model seemed less problematic in 2003, as biopsychosocial and related terms such as patient-centered care and relationship-centered care have entered the medical lexicon and are now generally accepted.
Patient-centered care and more recently relationship-centered care (Tresolini & the Pew-Fetzer Task Force, 1994; Frankel, 2004), which emphasizes the mutual and reciprocal influences physicians, patients, family members, and the community exert upon one another, are direct descendants of Engel's notion of the medical encounter as integrating information from biological (disease), psychological (illness), and sociological (collective, e.g., family, community, and health care system) sources.
The biopsychosocial model and its descendants, most notably patient- and relationship-centered care, are rapidly gaining momentum in 2005.
From patient-centered to relationship-centered care [Editorial].
Health professions education and relationship-centered care: Report of the Pew-Fetzer task force on advancing psychosocial health education.
Although the relationship-centered approach can be justified on grounds of clinical experience (Laine & Davidoff, 1996), empirical investigations are essential for establishing clear linkages between relationship-centered care and outcomes such as physical and mental health, functional status, and healthy behavior (Schwartz & Wiggins, 1988).
Although the languages of relationship-centered care and self-determination theory are different, the two languages convey similar ideas, and our aim is to show their convergence.
In reviewing the research on relationship-centered care and healthcare outcomes we focus primarily on outcomes related to chronic diseases and health-compromising behaviors where the outcomes are a strong and direct function of people's behavior.
Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Williams, Deci, & Ryan, 1998) is a model of human motivation that is relevant to understanding the link between relationship-centered care and patients' motivation, behavior, family dynamics, health, and well-being.

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