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The individual in whose name a legal action is brought by a state; the individual who relates the facts on which an action is based.

The relator is the individual upon whose complaint certain writs are issued. The relator is the party of interest in a proceeding, who is allowed to institute such proceeding in the name of the people, or in the name of the attorney general when such official has the sole right to sue. For example, if A was the relator and B was the defendant, the citation of the case would read, State ex rel. A v. B.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a person who gives information upon which the attorney general brings an action.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

RELATOR. A rehearser or teller; one who, by leave of court, brings an information in the nature of a quo warranto.
     2. At common law, strictly speaking, no such person as a relator to an information is known; he being a creature of the statute 9 Anne, c. 20.
     3. In this country, even where no statute similar to that of Anne prevails, informations are allowed to be filed by private persons desirous to try their rights, in the name of the attorney general, and these are commonly called relators; though no judgment for costs can be rendered for or against them. 2 Dall. 112; 5 Mass. 231; 15 Serg. & Rawle, 127; 3 Serg. & Rawle, 52; Ang. on Corp. 470. In chancery the relator is responsible for costs. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4022.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
approach and the status of the relator approach should be rejected.
(32) In adopting this new pleading standard, the Eighth Circuit held that a relator may satisfy Rule 9(b) without pleading the circumstances surrounding a specific instance of a false claim, but only if the relator pleads both "particular details of a scheme to submit false claims" and "reliable indicia that lead to a strong inference that claims were actually submitted." (33)
Part III argues that, because the government has sufficient investigatory resources beyond the four corners of the complaint to assess adequately the merits of the relator's allegations, complaints need not satisfy Rule 9(b) to provide the government with notice sufficient to launch an investigation into the defendant's alleged conduct.
Relator challenged the decision of an unemployment-law judge (ULJ) that she was ineligible for unemployment benefits because she was discharged from her position as a physical therapy assistant for employment misconduct due to improper billing practices.
In the 1980s, scholars and litigants questioned the constitutional validity of statutory authorization for relators to sue on behalf of the U.S.
In Greenfield, a private relator filed suit against a specialty pharmacy claiming the pharmacy had violated the AKS by making donations to charities with the intent to induce referrals for its hemophilia products.
It further stated that the IHC gravely erred by not considering the 'bona fides of the relator' when it was duty-bound to do so in view of the well-established principles laid down by the Supreme Court with regard to the exercise of quo warranto jurisdiction and especially when the 'bona fides' of the relator were challenged as a preliminary objection.
In this phase, the Acta is committed by the congregation to a relator appointed from among the Congregation's College of Relators.