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RESPONSIBILITY. The obligation to answer for an act done, and to repair any injury it may have caused.
     2. This obligation arises without any contract, either on the part of the party bound to repair the injury, or of the party injured. The law gives to the person who has suffered loss, a compensation in damages.
     3. it is a general rule that no one is answerable for the acts of another unless he has, by some act of his own, concurred in them. But when he has sanctioned those acts, either explicitly or by implication, he is responsible. An innkeeper in general, civilly liable for the acts of his servants towards his guests, for anything done in their capacity of servants. The owner of a carriage is also, civilly responsible to a passenger for any injury done by the driver as such. See Driver.
     4. There are cases where persons are made civilly responsible for the acts of others by particular laws and statutory provisions, when they have not done anything by which they might be considered as participating in such acts. The responsibility which the hundred (q.v.) in England formerly incurred to make good any robbery committed within its precincts, may be mentioned as an instance. A somewhat similar liability is incurred now in some places in this country by a county, when property has been destroyed by a mob.
     5. Penal responsibility is always personal, and no one can be punished for the commission of a crime but the person who has committed it or his accomplice. Vide Damages; Injury; Loss.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
* the individual may not respond to verbal commands or sounds;
A person who responds can ask what's possible here.
This article reports the findings for the CEO questionnaire and responses to selected questions on the senior tax person questionnaire for those companies for which the CEO had responded. Follow up articles reporting the findings for the senior tax person questionnaire will appear in future issues of The Tax Executive.
During a study reported in the April 24 SCIENCE, the scientists recorded reponses from 561 types of cells throughout the brain, of which 40 responded consistently to pictures of faces.
While 24 hours or more may indicate apathy or neglect, this time frame also can perpetuate the common misconception that an individual must be missing for 24 hours before law enforcement can respond. The responding officers should construct a time line identifying the parents' activities during this window.
They have recently trained monkeys to respond to heat on their hands, but have not yet recorded the activity of the spinal cord cells.
Officers called upon to respond to and investigate domestic abuse calls need to have a full understanding of the complex social, economic, and psychological issues that surround acts of domestic violence.
Fourteen percent (7) of the States responded negatively, indicating that they had no minimum standards.
10:23 p.m., firefighters responded to Henry Street for a carbon monoxide detector issue.
9:16 p.m., an officer responded to West Boylston Street for a disabled vehicle on the side of the road; caller was worried about it being in a bad spot.
5:38 p.m., firefighters and officers responded to the Shell Station, on West Boylston Street, for a vehicle leaking gas.
5:46 p.m., officers responded to Metro West Army Navy Surplus, on West Boylston Street, for a holdup alarm.