The idea of restraining
the legislative authority, in the means of providing for the national defense, is one of those refinements which owe their origin to a zeal for liberty more ardent than enlightened.
Nor is this serviceable to tyrants only; nor is it tyrants only who do it; for the same thing is practised both in oligarchies and democracies: for the ostracism has in a manner nearly the same power, by restraining
and banishing those who are too great; and what is done in one city is done also by those who have the supreme power in separate states; as the Athenians with respect to the Samians, the Chians, and the Lesbians; for when they suddenly acquired the superiority over all Greece, they brought the other states into subjection, contrary to the treaties which subsisted between them.
"My dear sir," persisted Sir James, restraining
his indignation within respectful forms, "it was you who brought him here, and you who keep him here--I mean by the occupation you give him."
The doctor was meantime with difficulty restraining
the expression of his contempt for this old gentleman, and with difficulty condescending to the level of his intelligence.
It is much for Mr Lammle, Twemlow politely intimates (though greatly shocked), to have one always beside him who is attached to him in all his fortunes, and whose restraining
influence will prevent him from courses that would be discreditable and ruinous.
I will add, as a fifth circumstance in the situation of the House of Representatives, restraining
them from oppressive measures, that they can make no law which will not have its full operation on themselves and their friends, as well as on the great mass of the society.