This rehearsal can help to reduce the resumption lag upon returning to the primary task: however, rehearsal may not be possible if the interrupting task consumes all of the available processing resources.
We do not claim that the VCR task captures the essence of the driving task; rather, we argue that that the two tasks share an aspect of goal complexity that enabled us to use the VCR task to investigate a theory of goal resumption that is relevant to the driver distraction problem.
Because of the differential encoding costs associated with the various interruption points, thee goal-activation model predicts that resumption lags should be shorter for interruptions falling before a new task or subtask is begun, as compared with interruptions occurring in mid-subtask.
Monk, Boehm-Davis, and Trafton (2002) found that resumption lags were indeed longest for interruptions falling in the middle of subtasks.
The goal-activation model also predicts that preventing or minimizing strategic rehearsal of information related to the primary task during an interruption would result in worse performance, manifested in longer resumption lags.
Specifically, the model predicts that both rehearsal time and point of interruption should affect resumption lag performance.
To anticipate our conclusions, we find striking parallels in the behavior of many of the fundamentals around the time of resumption, in spite of the difference in historical period and location.
Over the next seven years a fierce debate raged between the hard-money factions - advocates of rapid resumption - and soft-money factions, some of whom were opposed to restoring the gold standard, while others favored resumption at a devalued parity, and yet others opposed undue deflation and favored allowing the economy to grow up to its money supply (Unger, 1964; Sharkey, 1959).
In addition to proclaiming the date of resumption and the original parity, the Act authorized the Treasury to use its surplus revenues and the proceeds of bond sales to accumulate a gold reserve.
Despite the announcement of resumption and the steps taken by the Treasury to accumulate a gold reserve and to retire greenbacks, the bitter election of 1876 was fought between Cooper, the Greenback candidate, who was opposed to resumption; Tilden, a soft-money Democrat; and Hayes, a hard-money Republican.
As Calomiris (1988) points out, the credibility of the restoration of the gold standard rule was probably established six years before the Resumption Act, by the Act of March 18, 1869, which guaranteed redemption and principal in gold, and the Supreme Court decision in Venzie Bank vs Fenno, which supported the constitutionality of gold clauses (Calomiris, 1988, p.
In the 17 years after resumption in 1879, although the USA was back on a gold basis, the battle between hard- and soft-money factions continued over the issue of free coinage of silver.