Retaliation


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RETALIATION. The act by which a nation or individual treats another in the same manner that the latter has treated them. For example, if a nation should lay a very heavy tariff on American goods, the United States would be justified in return in laying heavy duties on the manufactures and productions of such country. Vatt. Dr. des Gens, liv. 2, c. 18, Sec. 341. Vide Lex talionis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Verified instances of whistleblower retaliation must meet expeditious, appropriate action.
In addition, the decree requires AMI to review and revise policies and practices of AMI to assure its employees a workplace free of national origin or color discrimination, prohibit retaliation, and encourage employees to report discriminatory conduct.
Some employees set their "out of office" email replies to provide details about Google's alleged retaliation against its workers, and others set their profile picture to display support for the protest.
* The specific responsibilities of supervisory and managerial employees in the prevention of sexual harassment and retaliation, and measures that such employees may take to appropriately address sexual harassment complaints.
The court explained that a deliberate ignorance theory (i.e., sticking your head in the sand) could not be used to impute knowledge of Armstrong's complaint to her supervisor, as is required for a retaliation claim, because he tried to learn why the Bureau of Land Management was unhappy with her performance and was rebuffed.
Toussaint was able to link the retaliation to an occurrence of protected behavior Retaliation is bullying and now there are legal repercussions.
"Put colloquially, rather than plausibly pleading the existence of a fire the actual submission of a false claim a plaintiff alleging FCA retaliation need only plausibly plead a reasonable amount of smoke conduct that could reasonably lead to an FCA action based on the submission of a false claim," Lipez wrote.
ISSUE: In alleging violations of the Anti-Kickback Statute, did a plaintiff meet the pleading requirements for a retaliation claim under the False Claims Act?
The lawsuit, filed in December, alleges the department is "pervaded by race discrimination and retaliation" and claims white officers use racial slurs, abuse their power against civilians, and steal departmental funds and property.
Employment practices liability insurers in California frequently contend that Section 533 of the California Insurance Code precludes any coverage whatsoever for wrongful termination or retaliation claims under EPLI policies, even under policies that include terms that expressly provide coverage for these claims.
However, even the most subtle conduct on the part of a manager could be considered unlawful retaliation. For this reason, it is crucially important for companies to train their managers to recognize these forms of retaliation and to avoid it.
The study shows that the proposed tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese imports announced by the administration of US President Donald Trump on April 3 and the proportional retaliation China announced the following day would reduce annual US GDP by nearly $3 billion and destroy 134,000 US jobs.