In the absence of such evidence, substantial evidence supported these retractions
Follow-up images were rated as stable (n=16) or better (n=12) for 28/37 retractions
The new publisher, SAGE, was aware of the retractions
when it took over the journal in January.
In order to accommodate the ever-increasing number of submissions to journals and publishers, an explosive growth of new publishers have sprung up globally, and the number of online and subscription-based journals has increased exponentially.30 At the same time, the pressure to publish at all costs has led to increasing episodes of research misconduct and inevitable retractions
, which then questions the integrity of the current published literature.31 The world-renowned publishers like Nature, Science and Cell carrying very impressive impact factors have witnessed the highest rates of retractions
.32 This rise in retractions
is helping the growth of predatory journals and publishers as these dubious publishing portals promise quick publication for hard cash.
Neither the mitochondria-rich (MR) nor the mitochondria-poor (MP) fibers of the nuchal retractor muscle were activated during the head retractions
or extensions associated with ventilation of the mantle cavity or slow swimming (Fig.
Patients in the group with normal CLE had a normal-appearing TM, neotympanum, limited plaques of tympanosclerosis, and mild retractions
(according to a modified Sade classification: medial displacement of the pars flaccida and/or pars tensa, without contacting the ossicular chain and without signs of bony erosion).
Publishing: rise in retractions
is a signal of integrity.
Fallout from Science's publisher sting: Journal closes in Croatia, Retraction
Watch, 17 October 2013.
Let [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] be the fuzzy hyperboloid, then the relation between the fuzzy folding [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and the limit of the fuzzy retractions
[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is discussed from the following commutative diagram.
Just 38 research groups were responsible for 43.9 percent of retractions
for fraud or suspected fraud in biomedical papers.
in the scientific literature: do authors deliberately commit research fraud?
Some think that the scientific community should develop a way to distinguish between retractions
due to misconduct and those prompted by human error and other basically innocent causes.