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Related to retractions: intercostal retractions

TO RETRACT. To withdraw a proposition or offer before it has been accepted.
     2. This the party making it has a right to do is long as it has not been accepted; for no principle of law or equity can, under these circumstances, require him to persevere in it.
     3. The retraction may be express, as when notice is given that the offer is withdrawn; or, tacit as by the death of the offering party, or his inability to complete the contract; for then the consent of one of the parties has been destroyed, before the other has acquired any existence; there can therefore be no agreement. 16 Toull. 55.
     4. After pleading guilty, a defendant will, in certain cases where he has entered that plea by mistake or in consequence of some error, be allowed to retract it. But where a prisoner pleaded guilty to a charge of larceny, and sentence has been passed upon him, he will not be allowed to retract his plea, and plead not guilty. 9 C. & P. 346; S. C. 38 E. C. L. R. 146; Dig. 12, 4, 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the absence of such evidence, substantial evidence supported these retractions.
Follow-up images were rated as stable (n=16) or better (n=12) for 28/37 retractions (76%).
The new publisher, SAGE, was aware of the retractions when it took over the journal in January.
In order to accommodate the ever-increasing number of submissions to journals and publishers, an explosive growth of new publishers have sprung up globally, and the number of online and subscription-based journals has increased exponentially.30 At the same time, the pressure to publish at all costs has led to increasing episodes of research misconduct and inevitable retractions, which then questions the integrity of the current published literature.31 The world-renowned publishers like Nature, Science and Cell carrying very impressive impact factors have witnessed the highest rates of retractions.32 This rise in retractions is helping the growth of predatory journals and publishers as these dubious publishing portals promise quick publication for hard cash.
Neither the mitochondria-rich (MR) nor the mitochondria-poor (MP) fibers of the nuchal retractor muscle were activated during the head retractions or extensions associated with ventilation of the mantle cavity or slow swimming (Fig.
Patients in the group with normal CLE had a normal-appearing TM, neotympanum, limited plaques of tympanosclerosis, and mild retractions (according to a modified Sade classification: medial displacement of the pars flaccida and/or pars tensa, without contacting the ossicular chain and without signs of bony erosion).
Publishing: rise in retractions is a signal of integrity.
Fallout from Science's publisher sting: Journal closes in Croatia, Retraction Watch, 17 October 2013.
Let [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] be the fuzzy hyperboloid, then the relation between the fuzzy folding [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and the limit of the fuzzy retractions [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is discussed from the following commutative diagram.
Just 38 research groups were responsible for 43.9 percent of retractions for fraud or suspected fraud in biomedical papers.
Retractions in the scientific literature: do authors deliberately commit research fraud?
Some think that the scientific community should develop a way to distinguish between retractions due to misconduct and those prompted by human error and other basically innocent causes.