Reversal


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reversal

n. the decision of a court of appeal ruling that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and is reversed. The result is that the lower court which tried the case is instructed to dismiss the original action, retry the case, or is ordered to change its judgment. Examples: a court which denied a petition for writ of mandate is ordered to issue the writ. A lower court which gave judgment with no evidence of damages is ordered to dismiss.

REVERSAL, international law. First. A declaration by which a sovereign promises that he will observe a certain order, or certain conditions, which have been once established, notwithstanding any changes that may happen to cause a deviation therefrom; as, for example, when the French court, consented for the first time, in 1745, to grant to Elizabeth, the Czarina of Russia, the title of empress, exacted as a reversal, a declaration purporting that the assumption of the title of an imperial government, by Russia, should not derogate from the rank which France had held towards her. Secondly. Those letters are also termed reversals, Litterae Reversales, by which a sovereign declares that, by a particular act of his, he does not mean to prejudice a third power. Of this we have an example in history: formerly, the emperor of Germany, whose coronation, according to the golden ball, ought to have been solemnized at Aix-la-Chapelle, gave to that city when he was crowned elsewhere, reversals, by which he declared that such coronation took place without prejudice to its rights, and without drawing any consequences therefrom for the future.

References in periodicals archive ?
Many of these areas are involved in the reform reversal episodes discussed in Szekely and Ward-Warmedinger (2018).
Anticoagulants carry a risk of bleeding, in that case, reversal agents commonly known as antidotes may be beneficial in treating severe bleeding.
That more than 1,600 women called the hotline to inquire about reversal is itself an indication that there is some basic level of genuine interest or even demand for such an option.
He also pointed out reversals in the past didn't lead to an exodus.
Surgical procedures for the reversal of sterilisation in the era of IVF may seem obsolete but with industrialisation of IVF the surgical art to train the residents and fellows might vanish and the fact remains that not many couples who opt for laparoscopic sterilisation at camps have access to medical institutes of the state or to the latest techniques.
When pattern reversal VEP was compared with the flash VEP variables, P100 and N145 latency pattern reversal latency was significantly less.
Once the concept of young plasma transfer is validated, we expect that more efficient means of utilizing this age reversal process will rapidly emerge.
Keywords: Stoma reversal, Stapled anastomosis, Wound infection.
Chamie discusses options to save old-age pension programs in the "Historic Reversal" countries, including adding immigrant workers, but thankfully notes the downside of that proposal: "Eventually those workers also age, join the elderly population and rely on government pension programs." He also is pessimistic about the obvious long-term solution, encouraging a rise in the birth rate, writing: "Even if fertility rates were to rise, which seem unlikely in the near term, it would take a couple of decades before the additional children could join the work force."
Crash risk, or risk reversal shocks, account for only a small portion of the variability of carry trade returns, with a maximum share of 3.7% when the PVAR(1) is estimated with first-differences and with carry trade returns obtained from Bloomberg, suggesting that the role of crash risk shocks in explaining carry trade returns in emerging markets is probably small.
Ruthenium Iridium oxides are known to be active for water electrolysis [1] and such catalysts have been proven to impart cell reversal tolerance to anode electrodes.