Reversal

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reversal

n. the decision of a court of appeal ruling that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and is reversed. The result is that the lower court which tried the case is instructed to dismiss the original action, retry the case, or is ordered to change its judgment. Examples: a court which denied a petition for writ of mandate is ordered to issue the writ. A lower court which gave judgment with no evidence of damages is ordered to dismiss.

REVERSAL, international law. First. A declaration by which a sovereign promises that he will observe a certain order, or certain conditions, which have been once established, notwithstanding any changes that may happen to cause a deviation therefrom; as, for example, when the French court, consented for the first time, in 1745, to grant to Elizabeth, the Czarina of Russia, the title of empress, exacted as a reversal, a declaration purporting that the assumption of the title of an imperial government, by Russia, should not derogate from the rank which France had held towards her. Secondly. Those letters are also termed reversals, Litterae Reversales, by which a sovereign declares that, by a particular act of his, he does not mean to prejudice a third power. Of this we have an example in history: formerly, the emperor of Germany, whose coronation, according to the golden ball, ought to have been solemnized at Aix-la-Chapelle, gave to that city when he was crowned elsewhere, reversals, by which he declared that such coronation took place without prejudice to its rights, and without drawing any consequences therefrom for the future.

References in periodicals archive ?
"The river's reversal altered our perception of it," Hauser told the students, noting that for decades after the river was reversed it was treated as part of the sewer system.
While there is a huge literature on the political economy of reforms, and in particular on reforms in the transition economies (Rodrik 1995, 1996, 2006; Roland 2001, 2002), there is surprisingly little attention paid to reform reversals (Abiad and Mody 2005; Campos and Coricelli 2009).
Nine women gave birth to twins, meaning there were more babies saved (270) than there were reversals (261)!
A capital outflow following the interest rate reversal is unlikely."
The predictability of foreign currencies through risk reversals have been tested for major currencies.
Earth's magnetic field "is just returning back to its long-term average," not weakening toward a reversal, says paleomagnetist Dennis Kent of Rutgers University in Piscataway, N.J.
During Phase 4, Mimi met the criterion in four sessions in Reversal 1 and three sessions in Reversals 2 to 4.
In the U.S., the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has issued guidance on pipeline flow reversals, product changes and conversion, alerting U.S.-based operators of the potential impacts.
* The 109 organizations that collect reports of reversals documented 26,463 overdose reversals (range = 0-5,430; median = 9; mean = 243).
The science shows that while the conditions that cause polarity reversals are not entirely predictable, the north pole's movement could subtly change direction, for instance - there is nothing in the millions of years of geologic record to suggest that any of the 2012 doomsday scenarios connected to a pole reversal should be taken seriously.
In July-September 2011, loan-loss reversals were generated mainly from the Baltic banking operations and from Russia and Ukraine, Swedbank said in its interim financial report published today.
But if, when morphemes are interchanged, two new morphemes emerge, the fraternal twins qualify as bona fide fortunate reversals. The likes of ALLOCATION LOCATIONAL, BLOODSHOT HOTBLOODS, HEADSHOT HOTHEADS, and OWNERSHIP SHIPOWNER do not pass muster because, in each switcheroo, one morpheme changes, and one stays the same.