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REVOLT, crim. law. The act of congress of April 30, 1790, s. 8, 1 Story's L. U. S. 84, punishes with death any seaman who shall lay violent hands upon his commander, thereby to hinder or prevent his fighting in defence of his ship, or goods committed to his trust, or shall make a revolt in the ship. What is a revolt is not defined in the act of congress nor by the common law; it was therefore contended, that it could not be deemed an offence for which any person could be punished. 1 Pet. R. 118.
     2. In a case which occurred in the circuit court for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, the defendants were charged with an endeavour to make a revolt. The judges sent up the case to the supreme court upon a certificate of division of opinion of the judges; as to the definition of the word revolt. 4 W. C. C. R. 528. The opinion of the supreme court was delivered by Washington, J., and is in these words "This case comes before the court upon a certificate of division of the opinion of the judges of the circuit court for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, upon the following point assigned by the defendants as a reason in arrest of judgment, viz. that the act of congress does not define the offence of endeavoring to make a revolt; and it is not competent to the court to give a judicial definition of an offence heretofore unknown.
     "This court is of opinion that although the act of congress does not define this offence, it is nevertheless, competent to the court to give a judicial definition of it. We think that the offence consists in the endeavor of the crew of a vessel, or any one or more of them, to overthrow the legitimate authority of her commander, with intent to remove him from his command; or against his will to take possession of the vessel by assuming the government and navigation of her; or by transferring their obedience from the lawful commander to some other person." 11 Wheat. R. 417. Vide 4 W. C. C. R. 528, 405; Mason's R. 147 4 Mason, R. 105; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 548 1 Pet. C. C. R. 213; 5 Mason, R. 464; 1 Sumn. 448; 3 Wash. C. C. R. 525; 1 Carr. & Kirw. 429.
     3. According to Wolff, revolt and rebellion are nearly synonymous; he says it is the state of citizens who unjustly take up arms against the prince or government. Wolff, Dr. de la Nat. 1232.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each chapter approaches the island's major slave revolt of 1795 and related events (1795-1800) from a different perspective.
Volume 1, on religious revolts, begins with two chapters on the roots of revolution and a model for understanding the psychology of revolts and revolutions.
In the South, conditions in time and place were not favorable to revolts by the enslaved.
* A great number of revolts effects are detected when [E.sup.t]/[E.sup.0] < 1 in comparison with ideal ecological conditions [E.sup.t]/[E.sub.0] = 1 for all the anomalous behaviors superior or equal to 5.
Ada Ferrer highlights early proof that imperial hosts regarded Haiti's successful revolt as a threat as she presents evidence of interrogation dialogues inflicted on Cuba slaves regarding possible rebellion plans following Haiti's revolt.
But at least there is a discussion here of the significance of slaves revolts, how they were prepared, and how the slaves maintained their resistance.
He follows with a fascinating comparison of revolts north and south of the Alps.
The arguments of Lust for Liberty are quickly summarized: popular revolts in the middle ages were more frequent and more successful than social historians have suggested in the past.
Florencio Lupa was one of these ethnic lords whom the community members murdered in 1780, during the Tomas Katari revolt. Serulnikov follows Lupa's career and shows how the kuraka increasingly failed to satisfy the communities' interests and instead conspired with local Spanish officials (mainly corregidores) to line his own pockets.
Once again, the 1791 Saint Domingue revolt is mentioned as a motivating factor for the rebellion: "Ideas of rebellion, imported from Santo Domingo, inspired slaves who rose in rebellion (82)."
"Shipboard Revolts, African Authority, and the Atlantic Slave Trade" by David Richardson, in The William and Mary Quarterly (Jan.
The Slumbering Volcano: American Slave Ship Revolts and the Production of Rebellious Masculinity.