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Kolve contrasts this rigorism with writings that can claim higher ecclesiastical authority and can also draw on the centuries of experience which the Church had accumulated in moral guidance and pastoral care.
On this point both Kant and Wittgenstein are in agreement, although some contemporary writers have ignored Kant's discussions of concepts, rules, and principles and assumed that a Kantian position must embrace some form of ethical rigorism.
There are helpful discussions of the formulations of the categorical imperative and how they relate to each other, the four examples of duties, worries about prudential reasoning in Kant and about rigorism, analytic and synthetic method, and more.
Embarrassed by the apparent rigorism Kant expresses so bluntly in "On a Supposed Right to Lie," numerous contemporary Kantians have attempted to show that Kant's ethics can justify lying in specific circumstances, in particular, when lying to a murderer is necessary in order to prevent him from killing another innocent person.
The "fruites" and "graces of sanctification" amounted to the artificial harvest of a rigorism that "deceived" its "troubled" and "puzzled" devotees; in "culling out" from their tenterhooked selves the "dispositions and qualifications" that were expected to assemble at conversion, the searchers after "comfort" were tripping at a "stumbling blocke.
He goes no further than summarizing Babbitt's purpose as combining "what seems an ethical rigorism, even asceticism and renunciation, with a glimpse, a hesitant intuition, of the realm of the divine beyond and above reason" (HMC, 27).
Acknowledging that Humanae Vitae prompted "three decades of doubt and dissent among many Catholics," Chaput suggested that the generations who led that dissent -- his own and that of his teachers -- "are generations still reacting against the American Catholic rigorism of the 1950s.
We must be prepared for strange alternations of rigorism and antinomianism as our history unfolds.
Readers might prefer a more careful distinction than we find here between Jansenism and rigorism, as well as between probabilism and laxism.
Despite certain reservations about the details of Herman's textual explications, Allison generally affirms this type of solution to the problem of moral rigorism allegedly evidenced by Kant's examples.
His writings had challenged the rigorism of a Jansenist-influenced 18th century church, which held that, in doubtful cases, the law must apply.
But surely it is the very rigorism at the heart of Donatism that provides such a reason: how do you include a community or movement into the larger whole when that community defines itself primarily by the rejection of the larger whole?