River

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RIVER. A natural collection of waters, arising from springs or fountains, which flow in a bed or canal of considerable width and length, towards the sea.
     2. Rivers may be considered as public or private.
     3. Public rivers are those in which the public have an interest.
     4. They are either navigable, which, technically understood, signifies such rivers in which the tide flows; or not navigable. The soil or bed of such a navigable river, understood in this sense, belongs not to the riparian proprietor, but to the public. 3 Caines' Rep. 307; 10 John. R. 236; 17 John. R. 151; 20 John. R. 90; 5 Wend. R. 423; 6 Cowen, R. 518; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 9; 1 Rand. Rep. 417; 3 Rand. R. 33; 3 Greenl. R. 269; 2 Conn. R. 481; 5 Pick. 199.
     5. Public rivers, not navigable, are those which belong to the people in general, as public highways. The soil of these rivers belongs generally, to the riparian owner, but the public have the use of the stream, and the authors of nuisances and impediments over such a stream are indictable. Ang. on Water Courses, 202; Davies' Rep. 152; Callis on Sewers, 78; 4 Burr. 2162.
     6. By the ordinance of 1787, art. 4, relating to the northwestern territory, it is provided that the navigable waters, leading into the Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways, and forever free. 3 Story, L. U. S. 2077.
     7. A private river, is one so naturally obstructed, that there is no passage for boats; for if it be capable of being so navigated, the public may use its waters. 1 McCord's Rep. 580. The soil in general belongs to the riparian proprietors. (q.v.) A river, then, may be considered, 1st. As private, in the case of shallow and obstructed streams. 2d. As private property, but subject to public use, when it can be navigated; and, 3d. As public, both with regard to its use and property. Some rivers possess all these qualities. The Hudson is mentioned as an instance; in one part it is entirely private property; in another the public have the use of it; and it is public property from the mouth as high up as the tide flows. Ang. Wat. Co. 205, 6.
     8. In Pennsylvania, it has been held that the great rivers of that state, as the Susquehanna, belong to the public, and that the riparian proprietor does not own the bed or canal. 2 Binn. R. 75; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 71. Vide, generally, Civ. Code of Lo. 444; Bac. Ab. Prerogatives, B 3; 7 Com. Dig. 291; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 170; Merl. Repert, h.t.; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, 417; 2 Hill. Abr. c. 13; 2 Fairf. R. 278 3 Ohio Rep. 496; 6 Mass. R. 435; 15 John. R. 447; 1 Pet. C. C. Rep. 64; 1 Paige's Rep. 448; 3 Dane's R. 4; 7 Mass. Rep. 496; 17 Mass. Rep. 289; 5 Greenl. R. 69; 10 Wend. R. 260; Kames, Eq. 38; 6 Watts & Serg. 101. As to the boundaries of rivers, see Metc. & Perk. Dig. Boundaries, IV.; as to the grant of a river, see 5 Cowen, 216; Co. Litt. 4 b; Com. Dig. Grant, E 5.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pendant trois mois (d'avril a juin), la societe civile de la Mediterranee occidentale des deux rives, en particulier les jeunes, les acteurs economiques, sociaux, scientifiques et culturels ont travaille ensemble pour faire emerger des solutions concretes pour la region.
A native of Shreveport, Rives has spent the past 24 years in numerous leadership roles in the public and private sectors in North Louisiana.
Petroff joins Stoel Rives as the first and only OnRamp Fellow placed in the Portland market.
Some exceptions worth noting are Sorelle Bronca's single vineyard, Particella (parcel) 68, from Polaner Selections, which is technically not a Rive, since it is not vintage-dated.
Affable and gracious with his time, Rives also loved passing on his many skills.
Sharing space with Delta gives Revolution Bag unusual flexibility for a smaller company: Because Delta has the option of moving its own equipment to storage or to a different location, Rives estimates that Revolution could double in size before needing to build a separate manufacturing facility.
Le systeme de depollution de la rive gauche de Bouregreg et du littoral atlantique, inaugure par SM le Roi Mohammed VI mercredi a la commune urbaine Yaacoub Al Mansour (Prefecture de Rabat), est un projet qui aura des retombees positives indeniables sur le plan economique et environnemental.
BEIRUT: Stephane Rives is a man lost at sea, cast from his lifeboat by the storm.
Trois requins geants ont apparu dimanche dans les eaux des rives de la region d'Al-Ein Al Sokhna, a rapporte hier lundi le quotidien Al-Akhbar.
As Mississippi farmer Will Rives headed out for an afternoon bowhunt on Dec.
In statements following a business breakfast organised by the Cyprus Investment Promotion Agency and the French-Cypriot Business Association, Minister of Commerce, Industry and Tourism Antonis Paschalides and French Ambassador to Cyprus Jean Marc Rives said French direct investment increased by 68% in one year, but tourist arrivals amounted to just 30,000.