road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
The statistics show that 236 road accidents were reported in Lahore which affect 251 persons, placing the provincial capital at top of the list, followed by 95 in Faisalabad with 105 victims and at third Multan with 75 accidents and 83 victims.
Batken region account for the majority of road accidents - 52.9%, Talas region - 36.4%, Osh city - 31.5%, Bishkek - 25%, and Issyk-Kul region - 20.4%.
The decrease of serious road accidents is a top priority of the old and new leadership of the police and even though the EU set goal of a 50% decrease in fatal road accidents by 2020 will not be achieved, big steps have been made and Cyprus is being positively compared to other countries, Michaelides said.
He explained that road accidents involving youth were in many cases caused by speeding, reckless overtaking and failure to obey road signs.
Sohil Khan, a senior official of the police department, told reporters here on Saturday that the crackdown to be launched today (Sunday) was meant to check road accidents caused by underage bikers.
In a road accident at Tanawal Manzar Tanooli died at the spot and another motorcyclist Tasawar injured critically and were shifted to King Abdullah hospital for medical treatment.
But he a road safety secretariat has been set up and the national road accident program is to complement efforts to minimize the many accidents here.
The number of deaths resulting from road accidents increased by eight per cent to 3,153, while the number of persons who sustained serious injuries increased by 18.5 per cent over the same period.
Meanwhile, the CAPMS' report on half of 2018 showed that 4,426 road accidents took place in the same year, with 1,560 killed and 5,936 injured.
The regions with the highest rates of road accidents are Tunis (10), Sousse (10), Nabeul (8), Sfax (6), while in Ben Arous, Monastir, Zaghouan, and Jendouba, the authorities reported zero road traffic death.
Umer Tafazzul, a Senior Patrol Officer Mobile Education Unit of the National Highway and Motorway Police, shared that ignorance of traffic laws is also one of the major reasons of road accidents. 'If, citizens follow the traffic laws then we can protect good number of human's lives.
Qatar road accidents statistics for 2018 shows remarkable progress in road safety as the average number of road-accident deaths per 100,000 persons came down from 5.4 to 4.9 deaths, Director General of Traffic Maj.