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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
The culprits were quoted as admitting to prosecutors that they used to take bribes to have cars that had failed in roadworthiness tests, to be retested and given roadworthiness certificates.
As part of ongoing partnership working, the agencies involved will continue to carry out Taxi and Private Hire vehicle roadworthiness checks.
Implement a strict roadworthiness test and you can reduce the number of breakdowns and reduce fuel consumption, with the added benefit that you can also keep those "save the planet" loonies happy at the same time.
Fifty-six professional motoring journalists from 21 European countries looked for the most outstanding new car of the year sold in Europe, according to key criteria - design, comfort, safety, economy, handling and roadworthiness, performance, driver satisfaction and value for money.
The Guidelines for Haulage and Roadworthiness cards have been distributed to all NFU member hauliers and growers and can also be picked up from the weighbridges at the two sites.
If a vehicle does not have the roadworthiness and safety, it won't sell.
Consumers demand this kind of data to help them make informed decisions about a car's past performance and future roadworthiness.
We welcome transport groups holding strikes about jeepney modernization program but if it is because of our campaign for jeepneys' roadworthiness, we hope not," said I-ACT head Tim Orbos on Wednesday amid reports of a looming transport strike.
Orbos said they have created a technical working group to thresh out ways of ensuring a smooth phaseout of trucks and buses with questionable roadworthiness or are deemed pollutants.
Cyprus has also two months to fully transpose and implement the directive on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and trailers.
Summary: He and two truck driver took bribes to make cars that had failed in roadworthiness tests retested and passed