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A fictitious surname used for an unknown or anonymous person or for a hypothetical person in an illustration.

A lawsuit is generally named for the persons who are parties to it. When the name of a party is unknown, the court clerk may direct that the person be called a fictitious name in the papers of the lawsuit. This also may be done to hide the identity of a person who would needlessly suffer if his name were known—for example, the name of a parent who is giving up a child for Adoption or the name of a juvenile charged with a crime.

Frequently used fictitious party names include Richard Roe, Mary Roe, and john doe.

References in periodicals archive ?
Grabbing my optics, I spied a doe roe deer feeding in my direction along the treeline.
Marked individuals that died during capture (18 roe deer males and 24 roe deer females in Trois-Fontaines, 6 roe deer males and 6 roe deer females in Chize, 1 bighorn male at Sheep River and 1 bighorn female at Ram Mountain), were shot by hunters (Table 2), removed (11 roe deer males and 16 roe deer females in Trois-Fontaines, 20 roe deer males and 23 roe deer females in Chize, 11 bighorn females at Ram Mountain), or hit by vehicles (1 bighorn female at Sheep River) were all treated as losses during capture and withdrawn from the sample either in the year of death if they had been recaptured during that year, or in the last year of capture.
The important factors affecting roe deer reproduction are age and age-dependent somatic indexes and energy metabolism.
However, no information could be detected about arterial supply of ganglion in the roe deer and other ruminants.
Thus, the lower altitude habitat selection of roe deer and the housing of domestic ruminants in valley areas could explain the higher seroprevalence observed in these species compared with that in Pyrenean chamois and mouflon.
Roe deer are said to be secretive animals which tend to stick to cover when possible and try and avoid people.
The primary species of wild ungulates are red deer, roe deer and wild boar Sus scrofa.
I've tried to put food out for the birds and the foxes - and even the odd desperate roe deer that's wandered into my garden.
Historically, between the late 19th and early 20th centuries the roe deer distribution was reduced and their range was very fragmented as a consequence of almost uncontrolled hunting and other types of human activities (Baleisis et al.
Newcastle clerk of the course James Armstrong said: "Gosforth Park is an 800-plus acre estate with wildlife and we do see roe deer.
The number of moose increased in 2017 to 5,151 heads, roe deer up to 5,040, deer to 1,097 heads, spotted deer to 1,747 heads.