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A fictitious surname used for an unknown or anonymous person or for a hypothetical person in an illustration.

A lawsuit is generally named for the persons who are parties to it. When the name of a party is unknown, the court clerk may direct that the person be called a fictitious name in the papers of the lawsuit. This also may be done to hide the identity of a person who would needlessly suffer if his name were known—for example, the name of a parent who is giving up a child for Adoption or the name of a juvenile charged with a crime.

Frequently used fictitious party names include Richard Roe, Mary Roe, and john doe.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A high ROE indicates that a company has a superior ability to create profit without needing so much capital.
You've identified net operating income, earnings per share and operating ROE as key numbers.
Elevated Financing Needs: ATC is experiencing higher than usual external financing needs as customer refunds related to the ROE challenges and a peak in capex exacerbate the structurally negative FCF through 2018.
In Order 486, where FERC established the 11.2% ROE, it had given Kern an extra 50 basis points to compensate for its higher risk profile, compared to the other members of the proxy group.
Mike Sandlin, president of Priority, said multiple factors contributed to the bank's ROE, including the fact that the thrift is a sub-chapter "S" corporation.
A judge at Norwich crown court jailed Mrs Roe for four years after she was convicted of cruelty to six girls.
To address this issue, and as part of the Federal Government's commitment to modernize service to Canadians and improve federal services through on-line services, HRSDC developed ROE Web and gradually started implementing it nationally in September 2003.
But all these statistical inadequacies cannot dampen the pride of residents like Malcolm and Mary June Roe, who have lived here all 58 years of their married life.
The entrance of many unsophisticated investors into the marketplace has made the assessment of a company's ROE more important.
Also, despite ROE's wide applicability, there are industries it doesn't measure well.
--Final FERC decision on case EL15-45 authorizing a 10.2% ROE, including 50bp adder, effective Jan.
First Commercial Bank in Little Rock had an ROE of 21.11 percent.