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A fictitious surname used for an unknown or anonymous person or for a hypothetical person in an illustration.

A lawsuit is generally named for the persons who are parties to it. When the name of a party is unknown, the court clerk may direct that the person be called a fictitious name in the papers of the lawsuit. This also may be done to hide the identity of a person who would needlessly suffer if his name were known—for example, the name of a parent who is giving up a child for Adoption or the name of a juvenile charged with a crime.

Frequently used fictitious party names include Richard Roe, Mary Roe, and john doe.

References in periodicals archive ?
A business that has a high RoE is also more likely to be capable of generating cash internally.
Lowering income and increasing the denominator had an adverse effect on the ROE ratio.
But all these statistical inadequacies cannot dampen the pride of residents like Malcolm and Mary June Roe, who have lived here all 58 years of their married life.
dagger] Excludes nonrecurring items [double dagger] Includes nonrecurring items EXHIBIT 2 FORECASTED ROE FOR BOEING Historical ROEs and Debt Ratios ROE (includes ROE (excludes Year nonrecurring items) nonrecurring items) Debt Ratio 1998 6.
6 average ROE, the nine Hawaii companies had an average ROE of only 14.
Fitch's Review of Utility ROE Trends', March 22, 2010.
Two of the 26 banks ranked by ROE are owned by publicly traded banking companies.
The special report, 'Fitch Review of Utility ROE Trends' summarizes recent and pending rate case decisions and compares the relationship among ROE, credit spreads and credit ratings.