1) Military formations ranging from Greece to Pakistan have been troubled by the development of SFF outbreaks in recent years, (7,8) Sandfly fever
has been known to be endemic in Afghanistan for many years, but was most notably identified during the 1980s Soviet occupation of Afghanistan when SFF was known to attack significant proportions of Soviet troops based in eastern Afghanistan.
Sandfly which is the vector of leishmaniasis is also the vector for sandfly fever
We consider it valid to use SFSV as a surrogate for all SFSV-related viruses (sandfly fever
Turkey virus, sandfly fever
Cyprus virus) because amino acid distances observed between the proteins that elicit neutralizing antibodies (Gn and Gc) are well within the acceptable range, (i.
During deployment, the troops showed the highest seroconversion rates for sandfly fever
L, large; M, medium; NS, nonstructural; N, nucleoprotein; TOSV, Toscana virus; NA, not applicable; RVFV, Rift Valley fever virus; SFSV, sandfly fever
Sicilian virus; SFNV, sandfly fever
Naples virus; PTV, Punta Toro virus.
To determine whether sandfly fever
Sicilian virus (SFSV) is present in Algeria, we tested sandflies for phlebovirus RNA.
Nicoletti L, Ciufolini MG, Verani R Sandfly fever
viruses in Italy.
A variety of primers targeting different genes were used: primers specific for TOSV in the polymerase gene (10) and primers designed in this study from the alignment of nucleoprotein sequences of selected phleboviruses (retrieved from GenBank) specific for the species Sandfly fever
Naples virus (SFNV-S1 [5'-CTTYTTRTCYTCYC TRGTGAAGAA-3'], SFNV-R1 [5'-ATGATGAAGAARA TGTCAGAGAA-3'], SFNV-S2 [5'-GCRGCCATRTTKG GYTTTTCAAA-3'], SFNV-R2 [5'-CCTGGCAGRGACA CYATCAC-3']).
7% identity at the nucleotide level with TOSV strains isolated in Italy, TOSV isolated in Spain, and sandfly fever
Naples virus (Sabin strain), respectively.
European human and animal pathogens in the genus Alphavirus include SINV, Ockelbo virus, and Chikungunya virus and in the family Bunyaviridae, sandfly fever
Naples virus (often referred to as Toscana virus), sandfly fever
Sicilian virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), Inkoo virus, and Tahyna virus, which is widespread throughout Europe.
According the 8th report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, TOSV is a serotype of Sandfly fever
Naples virus within the genus Phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae.
In southern Europe, WNV infections (2-4), tickborne encephalitis (5), sandfly fever
Sicilian virus (SFSV), sandfly fever
Naples virus (SFNV), and Toscana virus (TOSV) infections have been reported in Mediterranean countries (6,7).