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SEAMAN. A sailor; a mariner; one whose business is navigation. 2 Boulay Paty, Dr. Com. 232; Code de Commerce art. 262; Laws of Oleron, art. 7; Laws of Wishuy, art. 19. The term seamen, in it most enlarged sense, includes the captain a well as other persons of the crew; in a more confined signification, it extends only to the common sailors; 3 Pardes. n. 667; the mate; 1 Pet. Adm. Dee. 246; the cook and steward; 2 Id. 268; are considered, as to their rights to sue in the admiralty, as common seamen; and persons employed on board of steamboats and lighters, engaged in trade or commerce, on tide water, are within the admiralty jurisdiction, while those employed in ferry boats are not. Gilp. R. 203, 532. Persons who do not contribute their aid in navigating the vessel or to its preservation in the course of their occupation, as musicians, are not to be considered as seamen with a right to sue in the admiralty for their wages. Gilp. R. 516, See 1 Bell's Com. 509, 5th ed.; 2 Rob. Adm. R. 232; Dunl. Adm. Pr. h.t.
     2. Seamen are employed either in merchant vessels for private service, or in public vessels for the service of the United States.
     3.-1. Seamen in the merchant vessels are required to enter into a contract in writing commonly called shipping articles. (q.v.) This contract being entered into, they are bound under. severe penalties, to render themselves on board the vessel according to the agreement: they are not at liberty to leave the ship without the consent of the captain or commanding officer, and for such absence, when less than forty-eight hours, they forfeit three day's wages for every day of absence; and when the absence is more than forty-eight hours, at one time, they forfeit all the wages due to them, and all their goods and chattels which were on board the vessel, or in any store where they may have been lodged at the time of their desertion, to the use of the owners of the vessel, and they are liable for damages for hiring other hands. They may be imprisoned for desertion until the ship is ready to bail.
     4. On board, a seaman is bound to do his duty to the utmost of his ability; and when his services are required for extraordinary exertions, either in consequence of the death of other seamen, Or on account of unforeseen perils, he is not entitled to an increase of wages, although it may have been promised to him. 2 Campb. 317; Peake's N. P. Rep. 72; 1 T. R. 73. For disobedience of orders he may be imprisoned or punished with stripes, but the correction (q.v.) must be reasonable; 4 Mason, 508; Bee, 161; 2 Day, 294; 1 Wash. C. C. R. 316; and, for just cause, may be put ashore in a foreign country. 1 Pet. Adm. R. 186; 2 Ibid. 268; 2 East, Rep. 145. By act of Congress, September 28, 1850, Minot's Stat. at Large, U. S. p. 515, it is provided, that flogging in the navy and on board vessels of commerce, be, and the same is hereby abolished from and after the passage of this act.
     5. Seamen are entitled to their wages, of which one-third is due at every port at which the vessel shall unlade and deliver her cargo, before the voyage be ended; and at the end of the voyage an easy and speedy remedy is given them to recover all unpaid wages. When taken sick a seaman is entitled to medical advice and aid at the expense of the ship: such expense being considered in, the nature of additional wages, and as constituting a just remuneration for his labor and services. Gilp. 435, 447; 2 Mason, 541; 2 Mass. R. 541.
     6. The right of seamen to wages is founded not in the shipping articles, but in the services performed; Bee, 395; and to recover such wages the seaman has a triple remedy, against the vessel, the owner, and the master. Gilp. 592; Bee, 254.
     7. When destitute in foreign ports, American consuls and commercial agents are required to provide for them, and for their passages to some port of the United States, in a reasonable manner, at the expense of the United States; and American vessels are bound to take such seamen on board at the request of the consul, but not exceeding two men for every hundred tons of the ship, and transport them to the United States, on such terms, not exceeding ten dollars for each person, as may be agreed on. Vide, generally, Story's Laws U. S. Index, h.t.; 3 Kent, Com, 136 to 156; Marsh. Ins. 90; Poth. Mar. Contr. translated by Cushing, Index, h.t.; 2 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 155.
     8.-2. Seamen in the public service are governed by particular laws.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pete DeMay, an organizer with the Chicago and Midwest Joint Board of Workers United, a division of SEIU that the Seadog workers wanted to join, called it a "clear case" of retaliation.
THE HERRINGBONE South Trinity Road, Edinburgh THE DRINK Pint of lager (Pravha) PS4.00 Fresh orange and lemonade PS1.95 Prosecco PS4.50 Vodka and Coke PS3.80 Top cocktail North Berwick Seadog: NB Gin, grapefruit, lemon, black pepper and thyme PS6.95 THE FOOD Star dish Confit duck leg with roasted pumpkin, puy lentils and crispy kale PS13.95
The rhythm and simple rhyme of Seadog invite repeated readings.
The little narrator of Seadog is very clear about what his beloved dog is and is not.
Those seeking employment should send their resume and contact information to
Review: Before we got to the content, we came to a black splash page festooned with white drawings of the school's Seadog mascot: literally a dog with a mermaid's tail.
The traumatised seadog recalls how a monstrous creature of the deep rammed the vessel and left the crew stranded far from home.
Call 029 2064 6901 2 The Sea Show A mix of puppet show, natural history and comedy cabaret featuring crazy characters like Morwenna the "beautiful" mermaid, Ruan the reformed seagull and salty seadog Captain Pemburthy.
TODAY Shiver your timbers at Dover Castle in Kent where wannabe buccaneers can taste the life of a salty seadog with hair-raising tales of the high seas.
I'm almost tempted to ask for the whereabouts of that old seadog Capt Huw Puw that J Glyn Davies wrote about in the most famous Welsh sea shanty of all, Fflat Huw Puw, which he set in Porthdinllaen.
Dan Lindquist; "Seadog" Fodor Memorial Award Squadron Leader, LCdr.
"At least no one recognises me as Boycie when I am dressed like an old seadog. .