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Related to searches: Searches and seizures

search

v. 1) to examine another's premises (including a vehicle) to look for evidence of criminal activity. It is unconstitutional under the 4th and 14th Amendments for law enforcement officers to conduct a search without a "search warrant" issued by a judge or without facts which give the officer "probable cause" to believe evidence of a specific crime is on the premises and there is not enough time to obtain a search warrant. 2) to trace the records of ownership of real property in what is commonly called a "title search." (See: search and seizure, search warrant, probable cause, abstract, chain of title)

search

verb chase after, closely examine, comb, delve, examine, examine by inspection, explore, ferret, follow the trail of, go through, hunt, indagate, inquire into, investigate, look into, look over, look through, probe, pry into, pursue, scan, scour, scout, scrutinize, seek, trace, track, track down, trail
Associated concepts: illegal search by law enforcement offiiers, searching premises, unlawful search, unreasonable search and seizure
See also: attempt, audit, canvass, chase, delve, demand, endeavor, enterprise, examination, examine, experiment, ferret, follow, indagation, inquest, inquire, inquiry, interrogation, investigation, market, peruse, probe, pursue, pursuit, quest, question, research, scrutinize, scrutiny, study, survey, test, trace, undertaking

search

examination of records or registers, especially by or on behalf of purchasers, to ascertain the existence of encumbrances. Whether title to land is or is not subject to the Land Registration Acts, a purchaser should search the Local Land Charges Register maintained by the local authority for details of public local charges and burdens. Where title is subject to the Land Registration Acts, a search should be made of the land registry to discover the existence of charges, restrictive covenants, etc, affecting the land. Where the title is not subject to the Land Registration Acts, searches should be made in the General Register of Land Charges in connection with these matters. In Scottish conveyancing practice there must be searches showing no advance encumbrances in the appropriate registers - the Property Register for cases where the land is registered, the Register of Sasines and the Register of Inhibitions and Adjudications where the land is held feudally.

SEARCH, crim. law. An examination of a man's house, premises or person, for the purpose of discovering proof of his guilt in relation to some crime or misdemeanor of which be is accused.
     2. The constitution of the United. States, amendments, art. 4, protects the people from unreasonable searches and seizures. 3 Story, Const. Sec. 1895; Rawle, Const. ch. 10, p. 127; 10 John. R. 263; 11 John. R. 500; 3 Cranch, 447.
     3. By the act of March 2, 1799, s. 68, 1 Story's L. U. S. 632, it is enacted, that every collector, naval officer, and surveyor, or other person specially appointed, by either of them, for that purpose, shall have fall power and authority to enter any ship or vessel, in which they shall have reason to suspect any goods, wares, or merchandise, subject to duty, are concealed, and therein to search for, seize, and secure any such goods, wares, or merchandise; and if they shall have cause to suspect a concealment thereof in any particular dwelling house, store, building, or other place they or either of them shall; upon proper application, on oath, to any justice of the peace, be entitled to a warrant to enter such house, store, or other place, (in the day time only, and there to search for such goods; and if any shall be found, to seize and secure the same for trial; and all such goods, wares, and merchandise, on which the duties shall not have been paid, or secured to be paid, shall be forfeited.

SEARCH, practice. An examination made in the proper lien office for mortgages, liens, judgments, or other encumbrances, against real estate. The certificate given by the officer as to the result of such examination is also called a search.
     2. Conveyancers and others who cause searches to be made ought to be very careful that they should be correct, with regard, 1. To the time during which the person against whom the search has been made owned the premises. 2. To the property searched against, which ought to be properly described. 3. To the form of the certificate of search.

SEARCH, RIGHT OF, mar. law. The right existing in a belligerent to examine and inspect the papers of a neutral vessel at sea. On the continent of Europe, this is called the right of visit. Dalloz, Dict. mots Prises Maritimes, n. 104-111.
     2. The right does not extend to examine the cargo; nor does it extend to a ship of war, it being strictly confined to the searching of merchant vessels. The exercise of the right is to prevent the commerce of contraband goods. Although frequently resisted by powerful neutral nations, yet this right appears now to be fixed beyond contravention. The penalty for violently resisting this right is the confiscation of the property so withheld from visitation. Unless in extreme cases of gross abuse of his right by a belligerent, the neutral has no right to resist a search. 1 Kent, Com. 154; 2 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 319; Mann. Comm. B. 3, c. 11.

References in periodicals archive ?
From the 1996-99 data set, approximately 8 percent of searches included proximity searching.
The Supreme Court has recognized, however, that there are circumstances in which its preference for searches based upon probable cause and conducted under the authority of warrants is impracticable.
Enter phrases instead of keywords: Avoid one-word searches, they can create hits that are much too large to handle.
It is worth recognizing that to duplicate the level of consolidation quality that is found in a central union catalog like the MELVYL system, for example, it is not sufficient to just process the records retrieved from each of the searches sent to the participating Z39.
the pearl to be grown--and builds outward in the searches from these leads to support the desired conclusion.
Factors particularly relevant to courts in evaluating cases involving consent searches include: whether the individual signed a consent to search form or provided consent in writing, (25) whether the individual requested or consulted with counsel, (26) whether the individual indicated consent through a physical action, such as handing an item to an officer, (27) and what the individual said in response to the officer's request to search.
AOL today announced the year's top searches based on topics in specific categories that received the highest volume of online queries on AOL Search (http://search.
it is better to adopt one clear-cut rule to govern automobile searches and eliminate the warrant requirement for closed containers.
The Fourth Amendment prohibits only unreasonable searches by the government.
When the provisions of the Bill of Rights, such as the prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures, were drafted, little did the authors realize the technology that law enforcement would confront when pursuing criminal activity today.
Of the few questions pertaining to consent searches that remained unresolved following Schneckloth and Matlock, most were answered by the Supreme Court in the cases of Illinois v.