29) Second impact syndrome
has been documented as occurring in the same game after an initial injury, as well as in subsequent games.
Benjamin Robinson, 14, died from a rare version of traumatic brain injury called second impact syndrome
after a school rugby match in Co Antrim in 2011.
A second concussion too soon after the first can result in second impact syndrome
, which is often fatal and is believed to have caused the death of an Idaho State University rugby player who suffered two head injuries during a pair of games at the UO in February.
This report describes two cases of second impact syndrome
and presents recommendations developed by the American Academy of Neurology to prevent recurrent brain injuries in sports and their adverse consequences (9).
This is largely on the basis that the committee concluded that there is no conclusive test with regard to concussion, given that it is an evolving injury, and sending a player back into action would leave him vulnerable to the potentially fatal second impact syndrome
The 14-year-old died in 2013 due to second impact syndrome
, which occurs when a blow causes swelling to the brain before it has recovered fully from an earlier injury.
The coroner ruled Ben died as a result of second impact syndrome
- which happens when a blow causes swelling to the brain before it has recovered fully from an earlier injury.