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Related to second stage of labor: first stage of labor, third stage of labor, Stages of labor
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A normal calving should proceed smoothly from the time the water breaks through the second stage of labor: feet first, then the nose, followed by the head.
There was no significant difference in VAS scores between the groups at any time during the first and second stage of labor. Baseline mean VAS score was 8.4 [+ or -] 0.85 in Group B and 7.7 [+ or -] 0.89 in Group R, which was comparable.
This study was designed to measure TAC, TTM and KAT in Blood and saliva of mother at the second stage of labor and cord blood of newborns delivered through these different delivery modes.
Univariate logistic regression results revealed that the newborn's gender, birth weight, intracranial hemorrhage, mode of delivery, cesarean history, maternal age, duration of the first stage of labor, duration of the second stage of labor, emergency birth, premature rupture of membranes, anterior superior iliac spine diameter, birth canal laceration, and cord around the fetal neck correlated with the degree of RH in newborns (p <01).
At this time, it is unclear whether there is any absolute maximum length of time beyond which all women in the second stage of labor should undergo cesarean delivery.
Active pushing was advised when full cervical dilatation was achieved and delivery was not imminent within a waiting period of one hour for multigravida women and two hours for primigravida women in the second stage of labor. Operative vaginal delivery was conducted for obstetric indications.
CASE REPORT: P3L3 delivered a male baby of weighing 3.5kg at 11AM by forceps application for prolonged second stage of labor in a government hospital and she was referred to our hospital at 5:30PM with history of post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) with 1 pint of packed cells on flow there was delay of about 5% hours to reach our hospital after delivery.
reported a negative correlation between satisfaction and pain in the second stage of labor. (12) Nowadays, the interest for using nonpharmacologic methods is increased due to the non-invasive nature and no severe side effects.
The risk of fetal hypoxia is higher during labor and delivery than at any other time of pregnancy, especially during the active pushing phase of the second stage of labor. Absence of accelerations and minimal or absent variability of the FHR tracing from the continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) can be signs of hypoxemia, but poor sensitivity and the high rate of false positives represent a glaring clinical problem (van Geijn, 2005; King et al., 2013).
Most torsion occurs during second stage of labor or latter part of first stage (Roberts, 1971; Morrow, 1986).