Surgery

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Related to second-stage surgery: dental implant abutment

SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

References in periodicals archive ?
All the implants that were regularly in function and under load at the last clinical and radiographic follow-up control (1 or 3 years after placement, resp.) were considered "survivors." Conversely, all implants that were not osseointegrated after the first healing period were found clinically mobile at second-stage surgery and were therefore removed and considered "failed"; similarly, al implants that suffered for recurrent and intractable acute infection (peri-implantitis) with massive bone loss and clinical mobility and that had to be consequently removed were considered "failed." Finally, implants were considered "failed" in case of fracture of the fixture body.
If the rib cartilage is insufficient for the second-stage surgery, a biological material can be used as a replacement.[sup][8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13] Thus, the harvesting of sufficient rib cartilage is beneficial for cartilage framework carving and shaping in thefirst-stage; late trimming to make up the deformity is difficult.
The rationale of a first-stage surgery in superobese patients was to achieve a substantial weight loss and amelioration of comorbidities, thus making the second-stage surgery a much safer surgery with a good chance to achieve the optimum weight loss.