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The staunchly secularist paper was established in 1924 by a confidant of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk just six months after he established the Turkish Republic.
The ultimate irony of July's failed coup is that it was engineered not by Turkey's secularists, but by the Gulenist officers Erdogan had allowed to be promoted in their stead.
The application by the Warwick Atheist, Secularist and Humanist Society for Warwick Students' Union to host Maryam Namazie as an external speaker has now been considered and approved.
"the traditionalists" emphasize the temporal-spiritual; "the modernists" emphasize the temporal-political; and "the secularists" emphasize the spiritual dimension of the Caliphate), long, technical footnotes, extended indented quotes, and repetitive conclusions at the end of each chapter--all of which weakens the readability of the text.
But opposition from secularists as well as a ban in other state institutions--which was lifted this month--deterred women from wearing them.
"They know they will smear a black stain on the glorious history of the Turkish state and army like never before." The threat of a coup is not far-fetched: the secularist military staged three coups in Turkey between 1960 and 1980 and pushed the first Islamist-led government out of office in 1997.
Ennahda leaders may have been maneuvering to draw the Salafis into the process, while maintaining their political support, but it gave the secularists another reason to doubt Ennahda's commitment to moderation.
"It is this last point that more than anything explains the failure of secularist Arabs to capitalise on the uprisings to push for wider reforms and mount serious attempts at taking power.
Tunisia's secularists said their fears about an Islamist takeover were being realized on Tuesday after a senior official in the moderate Islamist party which won last month's election invoked the revival of a caliphate, or Islamic state.
Chapter 3 studies the foreign policy challenges faced by secularist nationalists under the one-party rule of the CHP, with a focus on how international and domestic contexts such as Italian and Russian expansionist desires and Kurdish and Alevi revolts shaped foreign policy decisions.
(The Muslim Brotherhood cooperated with pro-democracy groups to overthrow Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, for instance.) Whether Islamist and pro-democracy secularist groups can continue to find common ground will be a big factor in determining if the Third Wave can finally make it ashore in North Africa and the Middle East.
Second, Kuru stresses in his conclusion that "religious groups should not build alliances with authoritarian regimes, if they do not want to face the rise of anticlerical (or antireligious) movements and an assertive secularist (or antireligious) regime" (p.