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The easiest way to define "secularization" is to note the decline of religious faith, the loss of credibility to the church in the modern times.
Do the political developments and specific role of Ennahda after the uprisings in Tunisia have the potential to reveal a new pattern of secularization? My argument in this article is that there has been a shift in Tunisia from the dominance of the French type of authoritarian, exclusivist and monopolistic laicism to a pluralistic understanding of secularization, in which the resurgence of political Islam has made a significant contribution.
Resilient Gods presents a strong case that secularization and desecularization are both occurring, so, rather than the either/or dichotomy of the traditional secularization debate, we may entertain a hybrid perspective.
As industrialization, secularization is a general phenomenon, observed throughout the Western world.
In the debate over Schema XIII (eventually GS) in the third session of the council, bishops from the Third World complained that the document was too First World in its approach, (8) too focused on secularization and Communism; the complaint was likewise directed at the final version.
First, the uses and definitions of the concepts of "secularism," "secularization," "secularist," "modernity," "modernization," and "Westernization" in the book require more rigorous treatment.
While western Europe has been going through the process of secularization, with all its known consequences on religion, the world in general is becoming more religious.
But as demonstrated by the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the rise of Recep Tayyip Erdogan's party to power in Turkey, over time this forced secularization generated very broad popular opposition and brought to power, with popular support, Islamist elements that opposed secular coercion.
BEIRUT: Pope Benedict XVI appointed Boulos Matar, the Maronite bishop of Beirut, Wednesday to the Pontifical Council for the New Evangelization, a department aimed at countering growing secularization.
Hoeveler follows Taylor by defining secularization not so much as the subtraction of religion from public space or the diminution of religious beliefs and practices but as a change in the largely invisible background of ordinary understanding.
Feiner acknowledges that the concept of secularization is no longer in vogue among social scientists and historians but, resisting the winds of fashion, insists that the shortcomings of "the secularization thesis"--especially its teleological assumption that modernization entails, ultimately, the collapse of religion--do not warrant a blanket rejection of the view that secularization was a key process in the transformation of European society in the modern era.
Discussions of secularization tend to diverge between two branches.