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According to Mele, self-controlled agents also have a much wider spectrum in which to exercise control than what is typically associated with this agential power (86-121).
But despite the scope of self-control's application, Mele maintains that alone it is insufficient to attain autonomy, even in an optimally self-controlled superhuman agent (121-27).
Mele offers sufficient conditions for compatibilist autonomy that feature a negative constraint on the causal history giving rise to an agent's self-controlled conduct.
As an example, suppose that the operative guiding values and principles of the ideally self-controlled person were the product of brainwashing or psychological compulsion.
In order, then, for the ideally self-controlled person to be considered autonomous, it is sufficient that he possess no compelled motivational states, that his beliefs be conducive to informed deliberation, and that he be a reliable deliberator.
If the size of the reinforcers had been specified before the second session, it is possible that the impulsive responders would have shifted to self-controlled choice.
Impulsive responders were told which alternative gave the longer viewing time and self-controlled responders were told which alternative presented the video sooner.
To determine whether the content of the instructions was responsible for any changes in preference rather than the additional exposure to the schedules during the second session, a control group was given instructions that were consistent rather than contrary to their previous preference: Impulsive responders were told which alternative presented reinforcement sooner and self-controlled responders were told which alternative gave the greater amount.
For the group that received contrary instructions in Session 2, there were 23 participants: 11 impulsive, 4 self-controlled, 6 not classified, and 2 no-shows.
In free-operant procedures where self-controlled responding has occurred and the results are described well by molar maximization, the self-controlled response also has produced the greatest density of reinforcement.
However, control by the molar reinforcement contingency (e.g., the greater session wide reinforcement density produced by self-controlled responding) appears to have occurred for Subjects 14 and 15 in the no delay-delay group during the no delay condition.
The exception was Subject 33 who was highly self-controlled throughout the experiment.
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- self-derived power
- self-determined being
- self-evident proposition
- self-evident truth
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- Self-Controlled Airspace
- Self-Correcting Automatic Navigation
- Self-Correction Program