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Extrinsic motivation is determined by four types of regulation and their regulatory processes: external regulation is characterized by the need to obtain external rewards or avoid punishment; in introjected regulation, unlike external regulation, the rewards involved in the regulatory process are internal, individuals feel that they "need" or "must" perform a certain activity, but there is no feeling or "wanting" to do it; the regulation identified is more internally regulated behavior, in this case individuals consider their participation in the activity important; integrated regulation is considered the most self-determined of the extrinsic motivations (Fernandes & Vasconcelos-Raposo, 2005).
Less self-determined levels of autonomy were positively correlated with self-exploration, that is, introjected regulation (r = .
Intervention studies aimed at increasing students' self-determined motivation in PE are well-documented in the research literature.
2002) demonstrated that the impact of coach-created task involved climate on self-determined forms of motivation was mediated by female handball players' perceptions of the three basic psychological needs (i.
As studies indicate that self-determined motivation is positively associated with doing sport (Gonzalez-Cutre, Sicilia, & Fernandez, 2010; Moreno, Huescar, & Cervello, 2012; Sarrazin et al.
Self-determination theory also posits that three basic needs contribute to more internalized and self-determined motivations and help determine where individuals will fall on the self-determination continuum: autonomy, competence, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan).
This continuum contains identifiable degrees of reason that go from non self-determined forms of regulation (i.
Assistance to Self-determined Artsakh" (ASA) charity association has helped 23 families from Syria to find refuge
It illustrates Lawrence's ability to be a chameleon; pretty as picture one minute, almost a chav the next - but always self-determined.
There is emerging research suggesting that children and youth with disabilities who are more self-determined may experience better outcomes during childhood and into adulthood.
It seeks to provide an open-textured exploration of critical questions that aid in defining, understanding and practicing African-centered womanism as a culturally distinct, self-determined and self-standing intellectual and social project.
They also revealed that self-determined motivation and perceived competence are important factors in persuading elderly people to exercise more.