senatus consultum


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Related to senatus consultum: quaestor, Senatus consultum de Bacchanalibus, Quæstor
See: decree

SENATUS CONSULTUM, civ. law. A decree or decision of the Roman senate, which had the force of law.
     2. When the Roman people had so increased that there was no place where they could meet, it was found necessary to consult the senate instead of the people, both on public affairs and those which related to individuals. The opinion which was rendered on such an occasion was called senatus consultum. Inst. 1, 2, 5; Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.; Merl. Repert. h.t. These decrees frequently derived their titles from the names of the consuls or magistrates who proposed them; as, senatus-consultum Claudianum, Libonianum, Velleianum, &c. from Claudius, Libonius, Valleius. Ail. Pand. 30.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tiberius, however, did not change his mind and prevented accusations against the Christians by threatening their accusers with death (and indeed the senatus consultum remained ineffective until A.
Precisely Vitellius's memories (commentant) (45) may have been the source of Tertullian's report on the senatus consultum of A.
It is very significant that, just three years before the senatus consultum of A.
senatus consultum ultimum Ultima contulta al senado.
As Wolfgang Kunkel noted, in an acute and thorough investigation of the topic,(25) under the republic the senatus consultum ultimum and the pronouncing of an individual as a hostis fei publicae was tantamount to a declaration of civil war, and this was not only an unlikely basis for the role of the senate under the restored republic of Augustus and his successors, but had nothing to do with the law as such at all.
On the other hand, it must be said that the words of the senatus consultum are remarkably unlike those of a verdict, as understood by the quaestio procedures.
This, mutatis mutandis, is almost exactly the same as the position in the senatus consultum, in which the senate instructs the praetor of the maiestas court to interdict the two comites, which effectively meant their banishment.
The following sentence sustains this image briefly but then begins to cast doubt on Cicero's ability to carry out a senatus consultum based on Caesar's proposition: Ego enim suscipiam et, ut spero, reperiam qui id quod salutis omnium causa statueritis non putet esse suae dignitatis recusare (8) .
Furthermore this paper will argue that what Dio tells us about Antony's success in talking the Senate into reversing a senatus consultum that banned the publication of documents in Caesar's archives amounts to nothing more than a red herring.
The view that SC2 and SC3 were not two separate, conflicting decrees, as is universally assumed, but rather individual clauses of a single senatus consultum, passed on Sulpicius' motion, can be further supported by reviewing what is known about Antony's role in publishing documents in Caesar's name during the spring of 44.