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In my view, though, the Trinity Lutheran case signals that the Supreme Court will now generally treat separationist exclusions of religious institutions from government funding as religious discrimination.
That was the essence of his separationist view--that having government involved in your religion demeans your religious beliefs.
"Self-censor often occurs, but it is simply too risky for the CPD to keep silent when there are separationist movements or human rights abuses going on." Says an experienced Chinese journalist, "as far as I've experienced, self-censorship leads to no directive only when local protests are censored by local media and thus escaped the attention of the CPD." Again, these comments suggest a bias in the directives toward the central-level censors.
Rutledge asserted in a separate opinion that the First Amendment's purpose was "to uproot" all religious establishments and "to create a complete and permanent separation of the spheres of religious activity and civil authority by comprehensively forbidding every form of public aid or support for religion." This rhetoric, more than any other, set the terms and the tone for a strict separationist jurisprudence that reached ascendancy on the Court in the second half of the 20th century.
BEYOND UNCOVERING THE HISTORICALLY dubious and ideologically troubling paternity of the Court's separationist jurisprudence, Drakeman seeks to provide a historically accurate interpretation of the Establishment Clause's original meaning.
I suggest that all three methods should be approved by "separationist" Jews and "accommodationist" evangelicals alike.
Yet there has been controversy over the extent to which the Danbury Baptists concurred with Jefferson's separationist sentiments and particularly his comment on the "wall of separation." Legal historian Philip Hamburger in a chapter from his book, Separation of Church and State, contends that the Danbury Baptists were at best lukewarm concerning Jefferson's church-state views as evidenced by their lack of response to Jefferson's letter and their unwillingness to publish it to reinforce their own position.
Entanglement, Nussbaum objects, "is a very vague standard, given the ubiquity of government in modern life." It pushes in the direction of a "relentless exclusion of religious institutions from all public benefits." Despite her egalitarian and inclusive politics, Nussbaum, to her credit, does not let the liberals and the left escape criticism, especially for a dogmatic attachment to separationist language.
One way to discuss this topic is to consider two different perspectives, which I will refer to as "integrationist" and "separationist." An integrationist view of teacher ed curriculum is one that integrates subject--matter and method, and ultimately culminates in teachers who are both specialists in one or more subject areas and moral agents within classrooms and schools.
Barak's subsequent failure in his re-election campaign against Ariel Sharon did not mean the defeat of his separationist policies.
The "no aid" separationist can simply point out that the First Amendment contains a clause forbidding establishments of religion and then argue that a voucher program including religious schools transgresses this prohibition.
Concerning work and family, a number of sport sociologists contend that sport in general--and the traditional sports of football, baseball, basketball, and hockey, in particular--assumes a separationist perspective in which athletes must keep work and family separate and where management does not consider the family lives of their employees.