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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
Several days later she went back and told him: "I am sorry for setting fire to your door in a drunken stupor.
A jury took less than two hours to acquit the youngsters, who were accused of setting fire to Queen Elizabeth Mercian School, Tamworth, in April 2003.
TAP) -- An individual was arrested in the Goubellat delegation (Beja governorate) for setting fire to Rihane Mountain, the Interior Ministry announced on Monday.
The arsonist had only meant to "cause a nuisance" and "didn't consider the risk" when he started the blaze by setting fire to a pile of paperwork, magistrates heard.
Most of these fires have been started by people setting fire to rubbish, sheds, grass, fly tipping, and wheelie bins.
A TEENAGER has appeared in court accused of setting fire to his Crosland Moor flat.
THE grief-stricken friend of a murdered teenage girl has been jailed for setting fire to his home "so he could be with her".
You systematically set about setting fire to the flat, setting fire to every pair of curtains and ran around the flat with the hairspray.
In a statement to SANA, Governor of Quneitra Riyad Hijab said the continuing Israeli practices of setting fire in Golan will damage its environment, adding that they manifest Israel's persistence in stealing Golan's resources such as water theft, uprooting trees, earthmoving and burying nuclear waste.
A CRAZED arsonist who tried to kill a doctor and his family by setting fire to their house was warned yesterday he faces a life sentence.
The vicious attackers set fire to the lounge of a bungalow in a quiet village street near Wolverhampton - before returning hours later and setting fire to other rooms.
Prosecuting, Shaun Dodds said: "Shewas clearly involved in setting fire to the property.