Fire

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Fire

The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The post Man caught on CCTV setting fire to apartment appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
Brown admitted getting a thrill from arson after setting fire to his own home when he was just nine years old - and got "a kick" to see the fire service turn up at a series of fires.
Brown admitted getting a thrill from arson after setting fire to his own home when he was just nine years old - and got "a kick" from seeing the fire service turn up at a series of fires.
It is also alleged that Adair and Cairney destroyed a car by setting fire to it in Troon on December 23.
They were convicted of setting fire to two cars belonging to the brothers' uncle after pouring petrol on them.
Mr McReddie told the judge: "This setting fire to the socks gives you an insight into the state he was in.
Summary: Rabat - Moroccan authorities have arrested four people involved in stealing and setting fire at a Jewish club in Rabat on 12 February night, police sources said Friday.
FIREFIGHTERS caught gangs of children, aged about ten, setting fire to grass and bushes in Coventry.
He admits setting fire to the plane and an offence under the Aviation Security Act.
A WOMAN was yesterday convicted of setting fire to a man's front door and warned by a judge that a prison sentence was "highly likely".
Two 16-year-old boys accused of setting fire to a school, causing almost pounds 2 million of damage were cleared yesterday at Stafford Crown Court.
Cardiff Crown Courtsentenced her to three years and four months after she confessed to setting fire to a rubbish bag in the kitchen after covering it with petrol.