Sex

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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The higher market value of white(r) sex cells in Mexico's egg donation programs hence needs to be considered a function of "desire, fantasy and [(post-)colonial] imaginaries of race" (Waldby and Cooper, 2008: 66).
MPs also backed the use of socalled "true hybrids" using the sex cells of a human and an animal.
Apart from the sex cells, the sperm and egg, all other human cells contain 46 chromosomes, with 23 inherited from the mother and 23 from the father.
Human iPS cells, if they are truly pluripotent, should be capable of generating human sex cells. But then this would entail that ordinary skin cells could be transformed into human sperm and eggs.
But unlike animals, the plant parents make pairs of gametes (sex cells) instead of just one each--in the ovule there is one egg cell and one "central cell," while in the pollen grains, there are two sperm.
The conclusions drawn from these studies were that testis-ova were formed during the process of spermatogenesis and arose as a consequence of the transformation of spermatogonia B into female sex cells (oocytes) (Shibata and Hamaguchi 1988).
The stomach and bladder are irritated by caffeine and there is widespread interference in various enzyme systems, damage to the chromosomes of the sex cells and other body cells, along with many other unwanted actions.
McCormick, "occurs deep inside the flower when the two male sex cells that are carried in each pollen grain meet, recognize, and fuse with two different cells in the female part of the flower--the embryo sac.
1.) If the mutation affects the germ line (sex cells), it is termed a genetic mutation and may be passed on to progeny.
While two types of sex cells exist--sperm and egg--it is more difficult to sort individuals into these binary classes.
Sex cells, the sperm and the egg, have only one set of 23 chromosomes apiece.