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The velocity profile is used to obtain shear rate distribution, while the pressure drop is used to calculate the shear stress distribution.
The concept of reduced volume flow rate was employed to determine wall slip qualitatively dependent on wall shear stress. Wall slip velocity was evaluated quantitatively as a function of wall shear stress using the Mooney Method for flow channels with a rectangular cross section.
Employing this calculation, when the distances between the working surface and fault are 10, 30, 50, and 70m, respectively, the ratio variation law among the instability coefficient of the reverse fault, the shear stress, and the normal stress can be obtained, as indicated in Fig.
When mass concentration of slurry increases from 77% to 79% and shear rate decreases from 120 [s.sup.-1] to 0 [s.sup.-1], respectively, shear stress has no increase and keeps as almost a flat trend, as shown in Figure 4(b).
Assuming that the shear stress in each layer is a linear distribution along the thickness, the shear stress in the ith layer can be written as follows:
Figure 6(a) shows shear stress curves of infilled joints within different undulating angles.
The shear stress and normal stress distribution of the fault are similar, indicating that when mining in the footwall, the shear stress effect on the fault activation is higher than that of the normal stress.
where [[tau].sub.i] is the shear stress at any point on the interface and [[[tau].sup.s.sub.i]] is the yield shear strength of the interface.
Each of the culture methods described above misses one key parameter, the ability to expose cells to physiological levels of shear stress (Table 1).
This simulation has provided us with detailed information regarding the flow pattern, the velocity, and bed shear stress profiles of a groin.
The importance of shear stress for endothelial cell functions is highlighted by pathological processes associated with reduced or absent laminar shear stress, which can occur in vascular beds that are prone to atherosclerosis.
This reduces the stress shielding in cancellous bone compared to initial uncemented titanium tibial tray with reduction in the interface shear stress of cancellous diaphyseal bone.