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An individual who records court proceedings either in shorthand or through the use of a paper-punching device.

A court stenographer is an officer of the court and is generally considered to be a state or public official. Appointment of a court stenographer is largely governed by statute. A stenographer is ordinarily appointed by the court as an official act, which is a matter of public record. She is an official under the control of the court and is, therefore, generally subject to its direction. She is not under the dominion and control of the attorneys in a case. The term of office of a court stenographer is also regulated by statute in most cases.

The stenographer has the duty to attend court and to be present, or on call, throughout the entire trial, so that the court and the litigants can be protected by a complete record of the proceedings. The stenographer must take notes of what occurs before the court and transcribe and file the notes within the time permitted. The notes must comply with provisions requiring the stenographer to prepare and sign a certificate stating that the proceedings, evidence, and charges levied against the defendant were fully and accurately taken at the trial and that the transcript represents an accurate translation of the notes.

Some statutes provide that a judge who appoints the stenographer also has the power to remove him. Other statutes fix the term of office; in which case a stenographer cannot be removed at a judge's pleasure, even though the judge has the power to appoint him.

The compensation of a court stenographer may be in the form of an annual salary, a per diem allowance, or an allowance for work actually performed. In the absence of a statute fixing the fees, a duly appointed stenographer is entitled to be reasonably compensated. Some statutes require that a stenographer's fees must be paid by the parties.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, technology has made it the shorthand reporter's job more efficient, Levandowski said.
Ifor I would not object to degrees in journalism so much were it not for the fact that students often emerge from these courses without having been taught shorthand, a vital skill, at all.
After criticism from his mother about his hand-writing in his letters home he took a typing night class and learned shorthand.
The keyboard is linked to a computer-aided transcription (CAT) system, which displays the shorthand notes immediately as text.
"I have read several times yesterday the shorthand record of the meeting between President Georgi Parvanov and Simeon Djankov.
"He gave us lots of information about journalism as a career, especially telling us about some of the special skills needed to be a good reporter; he then wrote a message in shorthand and told us the importance of accuracy.
I still use my shorthand as I am a WI secretary and still find it very useful in everyday use.
Members of WITT's journalism team decided to incorporate the online shorthand course into their Journalism Diploma.
The mass production of cheap dictaphone recorders in the Far East has put paid to many hacks' formal shorthand skills, and my Teeline is but a mere shadow of the hieroglyphic masterpiece it once presumed itself to be.
Modeled after Walker Evans's Depression-era American Photographs (1938) (which also influenced Frank's The Americans [1958]), Davis's images provide a shorthand for both the political moment and a study of the potentially engage artist in a confused and confusing era.
The distinction in German between Architektur and Baukunst is more than a linguistic nicety, and by the beginning of the last century offered a neat piece of shorthand for discriminating between emerging responses to the radical changes in construction brought by industrialization.
A Birmingham Judge yesterday admitted he had wrongly sentenced a violent criminal because he misread his own shorthand.