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An individual who records court proceedings either in shorthand or through the use of a paper-punching device.

A court stenographer is an officer of the court and is generally considered to be a state or public official. Appointment of a court stenographer is largely governed by statute. A stenographer is ordinarily appointed by the court as an official act, which is a matter of public record. She is an official under the control of the court and is, therefore, generally subject to its direction. She is not under the dominion and control of the attorneys in a case. The term of office of a court stenographer is also regulated by statute in most cases.

The stenographer has the duty to attend court and to be present, or on call, throughout the entire trial, so that the court and the litigants can be protected by a complete record of the proceedings. The stenographer must take notes of what occurs before the court and transcribe and file the notes within the time permitted. The notes must comply with provisions requiring the stenographer to prepare and sign a certificate stating that the proceedings, evidence, and charges levied against the defendant were fully and accurately taken at the trial and that the transcript represents an accurate translation of the notes.

Some statutes provide that a judge who appoints the stenographer also has the power to remove him. Other statutes fix the term of office; in which case a stenographer cannot be removed at a judge's pleasure, even though the judge has the power to appoint him.

The compensation of a court stenographer may be in the form of an annual salary, a per diem allowance, or an allowance for work actually performed. In the absence of a statute fixing the fees, a duly appointed stenographer is entitled to be reasonably compensated. Some statutes require that a stenographer's fees must be paid by the parties.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chancellor stressed the UK must "embrace change" and suggested that worries about shorthand typists losing their jobs with the advent of the personal computer were ill-founded.
The former shorthand typist from Bordon, Hants, said: "Crystal Palace is my life, but it's 100 miles round trip, and everything is so expensive - train fares, diesel for the car if we drive and season tickets.
Beryl, now 67, worked as a shorthand typist before gaining a post of secretary three years before retiring.
I was a shorthand typist for many years and think it looks like a Royal.
At its best, the production imparts the utmost seriousness necessary to deliver up so lunatic a scenario, which begins with the arrival at Prentice's office of shorthand typist Miss Barclay (a sweet turn from Joanna Page), whose perpetual cheer soon gives way as she is made to realize the madhouse into which she has innocently walked.
Because of my background, including my skill as a shorthand typist, I acquired the role of recorder of groups, both small and large, in the psychiatrist's practice.
He joined the army as a shorthand typist in 1921, rose to the rank of sergeant and at the age of thirty-two took a leading part in the `sergeants' revolt' of 1933, which deposed the president and installed a new regime under a middle-class academic, Ramon Grau San Martin.
As Debbie was led away from the dock at Manchester Crown Court a woman court usher, a shorthand typist and the prosecutor began to weep.
From trainee Royal Navy pilot and wannabe Tranmere Rovers footballer to shorthand typist, travel industry pioneer, construction king, cider brewer and a public and private charity benefactor, Sir Doug was a tour de force throughout his life.
The daughter of a reverend, she wrote poetry from the age of six and became a shorthand typist in Cheshire after leaving school.
In 1958 he was sent to Christmas Island, also know as Kiritimati in the Pacific as a shorthand typist for an RAF air vice marshal.
Her service with HQ21 as a shorthand typist started with her posting direct from the training centre in 1943 and continued until she was demobilised in the autumn of 1946.