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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies have shown that sonographic guided IA injection in shoulder joint not only result in reduction of procedural pain but can also reduce VAS pain score and better functional outcome23,24.
In this study, we tried to evaluate the epidemiology of pain in and around the shoulder joint complex which included arthritis of joints in the shoulder joint complex, soft tissue rheumatic symptoms around shoulder joint complex, neurological conditions which presented with pain around the shoulder joint complex and miscellaneous conditions like malignancy and referred pain which presented as pain around shoulder.
Samia A, 2002, The effect of physical rehabilitation program proposal for the treatment of the shoulder joint stiffness, PhD thesis, Faculty of Physical Education for Boys Helwan University.
The elbow joint's force direction during acceleration was in line with that of the shoulder joint. The elbow joint's rightward and forward forces peaked at midacceleration and then began to decrease.
(2-4) As documented in this case, M columbinum infection may be associated with osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint and demonstrates that clinical veterinarians should consider the potential role of this agent in arthritis in pigeons.
Shoulder pain may arise as a result of various etiological factors, concerning both the structures constituting the shoulder joint and those that are not associated with the joint at all.
The mean [C.sub.H] of dermis overlying shoulder joint was 53.91% and that of [C.sub.V] was 49.03% with a significant difference between two directions (P = 0.005).
The main shoulder joint is made up between the humerus and the scapular.
X-ray results showed the presence of a double fracture in the head of the shoulder joint on the right side.
The variety of injuries encompassed by this general diagnosis ranges from small tears in muscle or ligaments to complete dislocation of the bones that comprise the shoulder joint.
Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves underwent surgery for his left shoulder joint on Monday in Finland, National Broadcasting reports.