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Factitious disorder is described in the DSM-IV-TR as an intentional production or feigning of physical or psychological signs or symptoms in which the motivation for the behavior is to assume the sick role.
But maybe in the ER they can get Tylenol with codeine, which has a resale value, or maybe the headache is connected with family problems, and they can score some points against the other side by taking on the sick role.
While this trend suggests that medical models of care may be attempting to resolve the power differential between health care providers and patients, it is important to recognize that, given the multitude of disparities people with disabilities continue to face, they confront an even longer journey than their able-bodied counterparts to fully transition from a sick role status to become empowered partners in their own health care.