silence

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silence

noun absolute quiet, hush, lack of sound, noiselessness, quiescence, quiescency, quiet, quietness, quietude, silentium, soundlessness, speechlessness, suppression of sound, taciturnitas, wordlessness
Associated concepts: estopped by silence, silence as an admission
Foreign phrases: Qui tacet, consentire videtur.He who is silent is deemed to consent. Qui tacet consentire videtur, ubi tractatur de ejus commodo. He who is silent is deemed to consent, when his interest is at stake.
See also: allay, concealment, lull, peace, placate, repress, stifle, stop, strangle, subdue, suppress

SILENCE. The state of a person who does not speak, or of one who refrains from speaking.
     2. Pure and simple silence cannot be considered as a consent to a contract, except in cases when the silent person is bound in good faith to explain himself, in which case, silence gives consent. 6 Toull. liv. 3, t. 3, n. 32, note; 14 Serg. & Rawle, 393; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 442; 1 Dane's Ab. c. 1, art. 4, Sec. 3; 8 T. R. 483; 6 Penn. St. R. 336; 1 Greenl. Ev. 201; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1313. But no assent will be inferred from a man's silence, unless, 1st. He knows his rights and knows what he is doing and, 2d. His silence is voluntary.
     3. When any person is accused of a crime, or charged with any fact, and he does not deny it, in general, the presumption is very strong that the charge is correct. 7 C. & P. 832 5 C. & P. 332; Joy on Conf. s. 10, p. 77.
     4. The rule does not extend to the silence of a prisoner, when on his examination before a magistrate he is charged by another prisoner with having joined him in the commission of an offence: 3 Stark. C. 33.
     5. When an oath is administered to a witness, instead of expressly promising to keep it, he gives his assent by his silence, and kissing the book.
     6. The person to be affected by the silence must be one not disqualified to act as non compos, an infant, or the like, for even the express promise of such a person would not bind him to the performance of any contract.
     7. The rule of the civil law is that silence is not an acknowledgment or denial in every case, qui tacet, non utique fatetur: sed tamen verum est, eum non negaro. Dig. 50, 17, 142.

References in periodicals archive ?
Franz Kafka (2002/1919), in his letter to his father, has provided an excellent illustration of the emotional consequences of silencing the other: "The impossibility of getting on calmly together had one more result, actually a very natural one: I lost the capacity to talk.
With the launch of this new offering, QIAGEN is once again demonstrating its market and technology leadership by setting new standards in the converging fields of siRNA-based gene silencing and gene expression analysis," said Jie Kang QIAGEN's vice president research & development.
Tanaka Hall, postdoctoral researcher Jeffrey Vargason, and Hungarian colleagues Jozsef Burgyan and Gyorgy Szittly elucidate the nature of viral counterdefense by solving the crystal structure of a known silencing suppressor, the tombusvirus Carnation Italian ringspot virus (CIRV) p19 protein, in complex with a 21-nucleotide small interfering RNA (siRNA), the workhorse bit of nucleic acid that drives the silencing process.
The horrific lesson of Gilbert's silencing of Irish, not lost on Churchyard, was likewise well conned by the most famous of the New English poet-planters, Edmund Spenser.
Even in those early days, however, scientists recognized that this unusual chromosomal silencing wasn't absolute.
Through this silencing the power of her message has grown: silenced she was not un-sung.
Today Percepta Associates announced the launch of the 2010 Gene Silencing Series 3 Life Science Dashboard[TM] market research report which draws comparisons to key market indicator data reported in Percepta's 2008 Gene Silencing Dashboard.
According to the company, the issued patent generally claims methods of producing double stranded (RNAi) agents having decreased off-target silencing activity through certain structural modifications.
However, recent studies have shown that in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, silencing of centromeric repeats is mediated by dsRNA and Dicer/RISC (Volpe et al.
Gene silencing helps orchestrate development by preventing the bundled genes from chiming in at the wrong time.
In a talk titled "Achieving Therapeutic Gene Silencing in vivo with RNAi," results were presented on ALN-PCS01, Alnylam's RNAi therapeutic targeting PCSK9 which comprises an optimized siRNA formulated in a liposomal nanoparticle.
This section also includes a history and overview of RNAi provided by biology products company Ambion, access to Ambion's Silencer newsletter on gene silencing research and technologies, and online news sources related to RNAi.