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Advertising creates simulacra that have no referent beyond a false need.
Some of these copies are merely substandard replications--a Philly cheesesteak at a Subway in Des Moines, for instance--and some are simulacra, copies of things with no original, which is what I'm guessing we experienced that night in Greece.
The Great Hip Hop Hoax is not merely a tale about the constructed nature of celebrity; it also urges wider consideration of popular culture's often seamless blending of reality and fiction, and the cultural capital afforded to copies memes, and simulacra.
Simulacra and abject both imply greater significance of art.
Barthes argues that all things possess a symbolic value, that reality itself is a simulacrum or composed of simulacra, which are themselves composed of signifiers and signifieds.
Among his topics are the simulacra of religious intolerance, the gravity of pharaohs, revolutionary fatigues, Morsi's debts, tragedy and farce, the state of anarchy, blood ballots, and a nation derailed.
The primary focus of this examination will be the presentation of the simulacra of objectivised cultural capital, using different perspectives, touching upon its construction, functioning, and pointing out ways to expose it.
In this article, the author examines China's recent world fair, Expo 2010 Shanghai China, and argues that we need to move beyond the reading of mega events as simple representation and ideology and read it also as simulation and simulacra.
A two leveled framework will be employed which uses postmodern ideas, specifically the idea of simulacra to identify oppression, and critical theory, specifically the notion of the dialect to rectify it.
In Dollspace, a Japanese ghost girl called doll yoko (written in small letters) introduces gothic stories about fantasies of rape, incest, and masochism and da Rimini explored the simulacra of various types of sexualities by changing gender roles in chats, sexual stories online, and the experience of the internet user who becomes a voyeur watching pornography.
Reality as such stops being identifiable; the original self ceases to exist in the simulacra, and the real becomes not "only what can be reproduced, but that which is always already reproduced.
In The Future of the Image, Jacques Ranciere (2008) suggests that there are two prevailing views about image and reality: the first, exemplified by Baudrillard, maintains that nothing is real anymore, because all of reality has become virtual, a parade of simulacra and images without any true substance; the second believes that there are no more images, because an 'image' is a thing clearly distanced or separate from reality, and, as we have lost this distance, we are no longer able to discern between images and reality; and thus, the image, as a category, no longer exists.