Typically, soft ticks
are found in rodent nesting material (Wheeler, 1942).
Ticks that transmit disease to animals and humans can be divided into two groups: the hard ticks (Ixodidae) (Figure 4-1) and the soft ticks
In the case of most soft ticks
, the larva feeds on its host in the den or nest, then detaches and molts to produce an eight-legged nymph.
Many soft tick
species thrive in hot and dry conditions, whereas ixodids are more sensitive to desiccation and, therefore, usually found in areas providing protection from high temperatures, low humidities, and constant breezes.
Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a spirochetal infection transmitted to humans through the bites of soft ticks
erraticus ticks, previously believed to be the only soft tick
species in this region.
Health-care providers should consider TBRF in the differential diagnosis of febrile patients with potential exposure to soft ticks
Phylogeny of hard and soft tick
taxa (Acari:Ixodida) based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences.
Ornithodoros moubata, a soft tick
vector for Rickettsia in east Africa?
Transmission of Kyasanur Forest disease virus by the soft tick
Although its persistence in Senegal may be caused by asymptomatic carriers involved in the domestic transmission cycle, we demonstrated that the soft tick
Ornithodoros sonrai can be naturally infected with the causative agent.
The difference between hard and soft ticks
was kept in mind as mentioned by Urquhart et al.